Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2011

Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report
ISBN 0-9754429-7-X

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Foreword
About the principal author
Focus of this report
Introduction to additive manufacturing and 3D printing

PART 1: BACKGROUND

  • History of additive manufacturing
    • The past 12 months
  • Industries and regions benefiting from AM processes
    • How companies are applying AM processes
    • Installations by country
  • Applications
    • Custom manufacturing
    • Communication
    • Engineering changes
    • Powerful ideas and proposals
    • Concept models
    • Verifying CAD databases
    • Styling and ergonomics
    • Fit and functional testing
    • Prototyping
    • Metal castings
    • Requests for quotes
    • Tooling
    • Biomanufacturing
    • Unlimited potential

PART 2: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Revenue growth
    • Products and services
    • Growth percentages
    • Material sales
    • Service providers
    • Secondary market
    • Other services
  • Revenue forecast
  • Industrial system unit sales
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Market shares
    • Systems sold by region
    • Market shares by manufacturer
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
    • Forecast
  • Personal systems
  • Service providers
    • Industry survey
    • Economic recovery
    • The future

PART 3: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

  • Arcam
  • Bits From Bytes
  • Concept Laser
  • Delta Micro Factory Corp.
  • DWS
  • Envisiontec
  • EOS
    • Advanced materials
    • DMLS molds
    • New developments
  • Ex One
  • Fab@Home
  • Hewlett-Packard
  • Honeywell
  • Huntsman
  • Irepa Laser
  • MakerBot Industries
  • Mcor
  • MTT Technologies
    • SLM materials and machines
    • Selective laser printing
  • Objet Geometries
    • New desktop 3D printers
    • New materials
    • Other developments
  • Optomec
  • Phenix Systems
  • POM
  • ReaLizer
  • RepRap
  • Sintermask
  • SLM Solutions
  • Solidica
  • Solido
  • Solidscape
  • Stratasys
    • Urbee hybrid vehicle
    • HP partnership
    • Other developments
    • ISO certification
  • 3D Systems
    • Acquisitions
    • 3D printers
    • Other business
  • Voxeljet
  • Z Corp.
    • New systems
    • New material
    • Other developments
  • Coatings and other treatments
  • Investor update
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Outlook

PART 4: GLOBAL REPORTS

  • Asia/Pacific
    • Major players
    • Chinese machines
    • Taiwanese machine
    • Korean machines
    • India
  • Japan
    • Stereolithography
    • FDM
    • Laser sintering
    • Service providers
    • AM for end-use part production
  • Australasia
    • Australia
    • New Zealand
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • United Kingdom
    • Italy
    • France
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • The Netherlands
    • Denmark
    • Finland
    • Belgium
    • Portugal
    • Slovenia
    • Austria
  • Other regions
    • South Africa
    • Brazil
    • Groups and associations

PART 5: METAL PARTS AND TOOLING

  • Materials
    • Material properties
    • New microstructures
  • Direct metal parts
    • Laser-based, powder-bed systems
    • Powder deposition systems
    • Other approaches
    • Materials testing and international standards
  • Cast metal parts
    • Investment casting
    • Sand, V-Process, and plaster mold casting
    • Systems that create molds and cores directly
    • Die casting
  • Tooling solutions
  • High-performance tooling
  • Direct tooling approaches
    • DMLS
    • Laser consolidation
    • FDM tooling
  • Indirect tooling approaches
    • Silicone rubber tooling
    • Other options
  • Alternatives
    • CNC-machined tooling
    • Hybrid tooling

PART 6: DIRECT PART PRODUCTION

  • Changing the way you manufacture
  • Why use AM for production?
    • Reduction of tooling
    • Part consolidation
    • Part quality
    • ASTM International
  • Design for additive manufacturing
    • A new way of thinking
    • Consumer design
  • Cost analysis and economics
    • Production implications
    • Strategic implications
  • Environmental considerations
    • Raw material and waste
    • Manufacture
    • Distribution and retail
    • Consumer use
    • Disposal and recycling
    • Enlighten project
    • Looking ahead
  • Intellectural property implications
    • Limited applicability of IP
    • Contributory liability for patent infringement
    • Increased importantce of trademark
    • Conclusion
  • Product liability implications
  • Industrial products made by AM
    • Aerospace
    • Automotive and motor sports
    • Machinery
    • Medical
    • Manufacturing and assembly tools
  • Consumer products made by AM
    • Games and entertainment
    • Furniture, home, and office accessories
    • Consumer-created products
    • Art and jewelry
    • Gifts, awards, and trophies
    • Marketing and advertising
    • Museum displays
    • Fashion products
  • Consumer challenges and opportunities
  • Future consumer growth potential
  • Required research and development
    • AM processes
    • AM materials and related considerations
    • Organization, management, and supply chain issues
  • Growth

PART 7: OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

  • CAD solid modeling
    • PTC jettisons Pro/Engineer brand
    • CAD models go mobile
    • CAD/PLM revenue: happy days are here again
    • Seat count estimates more art than science
  • Medical applications
    • Anatomical and surgical models
    • Medical imaging options
    • Medical imaging-processing software
    • Materials for medical modeling
    • AM methods for medical modeling
    • Regulatory clearance of AM products
    • Patient case: custom hip implant
    • Custom implants versus custom instruments
    • Direct production of acetabular cups
    • Case study: virtual surgical planning
  • 3D scanning and reverse engineering
    • 3D-scanning applications
    • 3D-scanning hardware
    • Hardware limitations
    • Processing software

PART 8: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Patents
  • Technology development
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • National Science Foundation
    • Meso, micro, and nanoscale technology
    • Basic research on existing AM technology
    • Educational programs
    • National Institutes of Health
    • Department of Defense
  • College and university education and research
    • Educational activities in additive manufacturing
    • Research and teaching
    • Institutions with AM capabilities
    • Future trends and contributions

PART 9: WHERE IT'S ALL HEADED

  • Professional markets
    • Orthopedic implants
    • Dental products
    • Aerospace
  • Consumer markets
    • Shapeways
    • Other possibilities
  • New approaches to design
    • Topology optimization
    • Metal parts
  • Mainstream additive manufacturing
  • Challenges
    • Choice and cost of materials
    • Industry consolidation
  • The future
  • Where to learn more

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: System and material manufacturers
    • Canada
    • China
    • England
    • France
    • Germany
    • Ireland
    • Israel
    • Italy
    • Japan
    • Korea
    • Sweden
    • Switzerland
    • Taiwan
    • United States
  • Appendix C: U.S. system specifications
  • Appendix D: Systems manufactured outside the U.S.
  • Appendix E: Material properties
  • Appendix F: Direct metal AM comparison matrix
  • Appendix G: 3D scanning systems
  • Appendix H: 3D scan processing software