wohlers associates



Wohlers Report 2011
Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report    
ISBN 0-9754429-
7-X

Order forminformation, press release
Available Now. Order your copy today! 

Table of Contents

 

Acknowledgments

Foreword

About the principal author

Focus of this report

Introduction to additive manufacturing and 3D printing

PART 1: BACKGROUND

History of additive manufacturing

The past 12 months

Industries and regions benefiting from AM processes

How companies are applying AM processes
Installations by country

Applications

Custom manufacturing
Communication

Engineering changes
Powerful ideas and proposals
Concept models
Verifying CAD databases
Styling and ergonomics
Fit and functional testing
Prototyping
Metal castings
Requests for quotes

Tooling
Biomanufacturing
Unlimited potential

PART 2: INDUSTRY GROWTH

Revenue growth

Products and services
Growth percentages
Material sales
Service providers
Secondary market
Other services

Revenue forecast

Industrial system unit sales

Unit sales growth percentages

Market shares
Systems sold by region
Market shares by manufacturer
Unit sales by manufacturer and year
Forecast

Personal systems

Service providers

Industry survey

Economic recovery

The future

PART 3: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

Arcam
Bits From Bytes
Concept Laser
Delta Micro Factory Corp.

DWS

Envisiontec

EOS

Advanced materials

DMLS molds

New developments

Ex One

Fab@Home

Hewlett-Packard

Honeywell

Huntsman

Irepa Laser

MakerBot Industries

Mcor

MTT Technologies

SLM materials and machines

Selective laser printing

Objet Geometries

New desktop 3D printers

New materials

Other developments

Optomec

Phenix Systems

POM

ReaLizer

RepRap

Sintermask

SLM Solutions

Solidica

Solido

Solidscape

Stratasys

Urbee hybrid vehicle

HP partnership

Other developments

ISO certification

3D Systems

Acquisitions

3D printers

Other business

Voxeljet

Z Corp.

New systems

New material

Other developments

Coatings and other treatments

Investor update

Revenues and earnings
Outlook

PART 4: GLOBAL REPORTS

Asia/Pacific

Major players

Chinese machines
Taiwanese machine

Korean machines

India

Japan

Stereolithography

FDM

Laser sintering
Service providers
AM for end-use part production

Australasia

Australia

New Zealand

Europe

Germany

United Kingdom
Italy

France
Spain

Sweden

The Netherlands

Denmark

Finland

Belgium

Portugal

Slovenia

Austria

Other regions

South Africa

Brazil

Groups and associations

PART 5: METAL PARTS AND TOOLING

Materials

Material properties
New microstructures

Direct metal parts

Laser-based, powder-bed systems 
Powder deposition systems 
Other approaches
Materials testing and international standards

Cast metal parts

Investment casting 
Sand, V-Process, and plaster mold casting 
Systems that create molds and cores directly
Die casting

Tooling solutions

High-performance tooling

Direct tooling approaches

DMLS 
Laser consolidation
FDM tooling

Indirect tooling approaches

Silicone rubber tooling
Other options

Alternatives

CNC-machined tooling
Hybrid tooling

PART 6: DIRECT PART PRODUCTION

Changing the way you manufacture

Why use AM for production?

Reduction of tooling
Part consolidation

Part quality

ASTM International

Design for additive manufacturing

A new way of thinking
Consumer design

Cost analysis and economics

Production implications
Strategic implications

Environmental considerations

Raw material and waste
Manufacture

Distribution and retail

Consumer use

Disposal and recycling

Enlighten project

Looking ahead

Intellectural property implications

Limited applicability of IP

Contributory liability for patent infringement

Increased importantce of trademark

Conclusion

Product liability implications

Industrial products made by AM

Aerospace

Automotive and motor sports

Machinery

Medical

Manufacturing and assembly tools

Consumer products made by AM

Games and entertainment

Furniture, home, and office accessories

Consumer-created products

Art and jewelry

Gifts, awards, and trophies

Marketing and advertising

Museum displays

Fashion products

Consumer challenges and opportunities

Future consumer growth potential

Required research and development

AM processes

AM materials and related considerations
Organization, management, and supply chain issues

Growth

PART 7: OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

CAD solid modeling

PTC jettisons Pro/Engineer brand

CAD models go mobile

CAD/PLM revenue: happy days are here again

Seat count estimates more art than science

Medical applications

Anatomical and surgical models
Medical imaging options
Medical imaging-processing software
Materials for medical modeling

AM methods for medical modeling

Regulatory clearance of AM products

Patient case: custom hip implant

Custom implants versus custom instruments

Direct production of acetabular cups

Case study: virtual surgical planning

3D scanning and reverse engineering

3D-scanning applications
3D-scanning hardware
Hardware limitations
Processing software

PART 8: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Patents

Technology development

U.S. government-sponsored R&D

National Science Foundation
Meso, micro, and nanoscale technology

Basic research on existing AM technology
Educational programs
National Institutes of Health
Department of Defense

College and university education and research

Educational activities in additive manufacturing
Research and teaching
Institutions with AM capabilities
Future trends and contributions

PART 9: WHERE IT'S ALL HEADED

Professional markets

Orthopedic implants

Dental products

Aerospace

Consumer markets

Shapeways
Other possibilities

New approaches to design

Topology optimization

Metal parts

Mainstream additive manufacturing

Challenges

Choice and cost of materials

Industry consolidation

The future 

Where to learn more


APPENDICES

Appendix A: Glossary of terms

Appendix B: System and material manufacturers

Canada
China
England
France
Germany
Ireland
Israel

Italy
Japan
Korea

Sweden
Switzerland
Taiwan
United States

Appendix C: U.S. system specifications

Appendix D: Systems manufactured outside the U.S.

Appendix E: Material properties

Appendix F: Direct metal AM comparison matrix

Appendix G: 3D scanning systems

Appendix H: 3D scan processing software