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Wohlers Report 2022
Analysis. Trends. Forecasts. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing State of the Industry.
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Wohlers Report 2022 features the latest information you need to stay informed and expand your knowledge of the constantly evolving AM industry.
Gain a thorough understanding of AM and applications from pre- to post-processing, and learn about the latest technologies, applications, and trends from top industry experts
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Table of Contents
- Remarks from ASTM International
- A note from Terry Wohlers
- About the authors and Editors
- Principal authors
- Associate author
- Editorial team
- Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Conversions
PART 1: INTRODUCTION
- Focus of this report
- Introduction to AM and 3D printing
- Processes and feedstock
- Putting AM to work
- History of AM
- 1960s to the modern era
- March 2021 to March 2022
- Industry Survey
- Final part production
- Additional applications
- Consumer products
- Education and academic research
- Power and energy
- Government and military
- Architecture models
- Other industries
- Myths and misconceptions
- AM will replace conventional manufacturing
- Complexity is free
- AM is a “push button” process
- Most AM systems are similar
- AM is environmentally friendly
- Few materials are available for AM
- Metal AM produces parts inexpensively
- AM parts are inferior to conventional parts
- Every home will have a 3D printer
PART 2: MATERIALS AND PROCESSES
- Material extrusion
- Vat photopolymerization
- Powder bed fusion
- Material jetting
- Binder jetting
- Directed energy deposition
- Sheet lamination
- New polymer products
- Polymer pricing
- New metal powders
- Producing powders for metal AM
- Metal powder pricing
- Composites and hybrid materials
- Materials for metal-casting
- Ceramics and other materials
- Third-party material producers
- Open vs. closed material business models
- Third-party producers
- Materials database
- Materials by process
- Material producers and products
PART 3: INDUSTRY GROWTH
- Revenue from AM worldwide
- Products and services
- Growth percentages
- System manufacturers
- Unit sales
- Market shares
- Systems sold by region
- Average selling price
- Metal AM systems
- Polymer AM systems
- Unit sales by manufacturer and year
- Desktop 3D printers
- Sales growth
- Materials and R&D
- AM material sales
- Polymer powders
- Service providers
- Primary service market
- Service provider survey
- Contributing service providers
- Survey results
- Pre- and post-processing
- Most profitable AM processes
- Most profitable material
- Revenue growth
- Supplier competition
- Comments from service providers
- Investment in publicly traded companies
- Revenues and earnings
- Mergers and acquisitions
- Corporate Investments
- CAD solid modeling
PART 4: FINAL PART PRODUCTION
- Benefits of AM for production
- Reduction of tooling
- Reduced lead time and on-demand manufacturing
- Reduced inventory and part consolidation
- Sustainability and waste reduction
- Custom product manufacturing
- Generative design and biomimicry
- Optimized structures
- Design for additive manufacturing
- Lightweighting and topology optimization
- Complex lattice structures
- Support material and post-processing optimization
- Consolidating parts
- Improved fluid flow, conformal cooling, and efficiency
- Economic benefits of DfAM
- Calculating part cost and factors impacting it
- 3D scan-processing
- Topology optimization and generative design
- Slicing and print preparation
- Print management
- Manufacturing execution systems
- Medical imaging
- Process monitoring of metal powder bed fusion
- Additive Monitoring Systems
- GE Additive
- Layer Metrics
- Manufacturing Demonstion Facility
- Open Additive
- Sigma Labs
- SLM Solutions
- Polymer parts
- Surface treatment of polymer parts
- Metal parts
- Thermal processing of metal parts
- Metal support material removal
- Metal surface treatment
- AM part inspection
- Cost and challenges
- Operating costs
- Cost justification
- Machine throughput
- Metal part production cost considerations
- Safety considerations
- Facility considerations
- Additional equiptment
- Qualification and quality
- Educating designers
- Scaling AM into production
- Production systems
- Staff and maintenance
- Quality control
PART 5: GLOBAL REPORTS
- Installations by country
- South Korea
- New Zealand
- United Kingdom
- Middle East
- Other regions
- South Africa
- United States
PART 6: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
- Patent litigation
- Consortia and collaborations
- ASTM AM Center of Excellence
- America Makes
- Fraunhofer Society
- Women in 3D Printing
- Mobility Goes Additive
- Other groups and associations
- AM standards
- ASTM Committee F42
- ISO/TC 261
- AM Standardization Collaborative
- AM activities at NASA
- AM in the U.S. Department of Defense
- U.S. government-sponsored R&D
- National Science Foundation
- DOD, DOE, and DOC
- National Institutes of Health
- U.S. national laboratories
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory
- Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
- Sandia National Laboratories
- Government-sponsored R&D in Europe
- Academic activities and capabilities
- Research innovations
- The Americas
- Europe, Middle East, and Africa
- Research institutes with AM capabilities
PART 7: THE FUTURE OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING
- Advances point to what is next
- Technical directions and trends
- Challenges ahead
- Emerging applications
- 3D-printed electronics
- 3D-printed food
- 3D-printed medicine
- 3D Scanning
- Current state of 3D measurement
- Processing 3D scan data
- Trends and opportunities
- Workforce development
- Sustainability and a circular economy
- Landscape of AM startups
- Startups and early-stage investments
- Acquisitions and public offerings
- New AM companies
- Market forecast and opportunity
Part 8: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS
- Bright Laser Technologies
- Eplus 3D
- DMG Mori
- SLM Solutions
- Other companies in Europe and the Middle East
- Additive Industries
- Digital Metal
- 3D Systems
- Desktop Metal
- GE Additive
- Manufacturer, process, and material matrix
- Additional system manufacturers
- Appendix A: Glossary of terms
- Appendix B: 1988-2006 unit sales
- Appendix C: Metal AM comparison matrix
- Appendix D: 3D scanning systems
Report Development Team
Ian Campbell, Wohlers Associates (UK)
Olaf Diegel, Wohlers Associates (New Zealand)
Joseph Kowen, Wohlers Associates (Israel)
Noah Mostow, Wohlers Associates (U.S.)
Terry Wohlers, Wohlers Associates (U.S.)
Ismail Fidan, Tennessee Tech University (U.S.)
David Bourell, University of Texas at Austin (U.S.)
Jenny van Rensburg (South Africa)
The following 85 individuals and organizations in 31 countries contributed to Wohlers Report 2022 and served as important sources for information.
|Mukesh Agarwala||3D Product Development||India|
|Nicolae Balc||Technical University of Cluj–Napoca||Romania|
|Gerrie Booysen||Central University of Technology||South Africa|
|David Brackett||Manufacturing Technology Centre||UK|
|Milan Brandt||RMIT University||Australia|
|Stefanie Brickwede||Mobility Goes Additive||Germany|
|Andy Christensen||Department of Radiology, University of Cincinnati||U.S.|
|Doug Collins||Avid Product Development||U.S.|
|Deon de Beer||Central University of Technology||South Africa|
|Alex Doukas||Kinetic Vision||U.S.|
|Brian Drab||William Blair & Company||U.S.|
|Igor Drstvenšek||University of Maribor||Slovenia|
|Nicholas Eitsert||Finnegan LLP||U.S.|
|David Espalin||University of Texas at El Paso||U.S.|
|Thomas Feldhausen||Oak Ridge National Laboratory||U.S.|
|Matthew Friedell||Colorado Air National Guard||U.S.|
|Khalid Abdel Ghany||CMRDI||Egypt|
|Morgan Gillott-Crooks||Wohlers Associates, Inc.||U.S.|
|Dan Guo||Additive Manufacturing Alliance of China||China|
|Arno Held||AM Ventures||Germany|
|Shamil Hargovan||STS Capital Partners||Canada|
|Lars Holmegaard||Danish AM Hub||Denmark|
|Seyed Hosseini||RISE Research Institute of Sweden||Sweden|
|Jeng-Ywan Jeng||National Taiwan University of Science and Tech.||Taiwan|
|Kevin Jurrens||National Institute of Standards and Technology||U.S.|
|Blake Keating||William Blair & Company||U.S.|
|Andrzej Kęsy||University of Technology and Humanities||Poland|
|Babak Kianian||Lund University||Sweden|
|Ryan Kircher||Kircher Consulting||U.S.|
|Jason Laing||ProMake International||UK|
|Feng Lin||Tsinghua University||China|
|Aia Lykke||Danish AM Hub||Denmark|
|Giorgio Magistrelli||A3DM Magazine||France|
|Manyalibo Matthews||Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory||U.S.|
|Gianluca Mattaroccia||Estée Lauder||U.S.|
|Greg Morris||Vertex Manufacturing||U.S.|
|Tom Mueller||Mueller Additive Manufacturing Solutions||U.S.|
|Kristin Mulherin||Women in 3D Printing||U.S.|
|Bernhard Müller||Fraunhofer IWU||Germany|
|Ireneusz Musiałek||Jan Kochanowski University of Kielce||Poland|
|Randall Newton||Consilia Vektor||U.S.|
|Hideaki Oba||3D Printing Industry Technology Association||Japan|
|John Obielodan||University of Wisconsin–Platteville||U.S.|
|Miklos Odrobina||Szent István University||Hungary|
|Keun Park||Seoul National University of Science and Tech.||Korea|
|Nick Pearce||Alexander Daniels Global||U.S.|
|Pat Picariello||ASTM International||U.S.|
|Sebastian Piegert||Siemens Energy||Germany|
|Behrang Poorganji||University of Toledo||U.S.|
|Michele Pressacco||Lima Corporate||Italy|
|Michael Raphael||Direct Dimensions||U.S.|
|Elisa Salatin||Lima Corporate||Italy|
|Kyle Saleeby||Oak Ridge National Laboratory||U.S.|
|Mika Salmi||Aalto University||Finland|
|Marco Salvisberg||GF Casting Solutions||Switzerland|
|Jörg Sander||Hensoldt Sensors||Germany|
|P. Randall Schunk||Sandia National Laboratories||U.S.|
|Luke Scime||Oak Ridge National Laboratory||U.S.|
|Christian Seidel||Fraunhofer IGCV||Germany|
|Mohsen Seifi||ASTM International||U.S.|
|Jorge Vicente Lopes da Silva||Renato Archer Information Technology Center||Brazil|
|Aidan Skoyles||Finnegan LLP||U.S.|
|John Slotwinski||Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory||U.S.|
|Chris Spadaccini||Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory||U.S.|
|Jürgen Stampfl||Vienna University of Technology||Austria|
|Riccardo Toninato||Lima Corporate||Italy|
|Nora Touré||Women in 3D Printing||U.S.|
|Kjeld van Bommel||TNO||Netherlands|
|Joel Vasco||Polytechnic Institute of Leiria||Portugal|
|Nicole Wake||GE Healthcare||U.S.|
|Matthew Waterhouse||3D Metalforge||Singapore|
|John Wilczynski||America Makes||U.S.|
|David Wimpenny||Manufacturing Technology Centre||UK|
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