Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2004

Rapid Prototyping & Tooling State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report ISBN 0-9754429-0-2

Information and order form
Contributors and press release
Independent reviews one and two.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
About the author
Focus of this report
Introduction to rapid prototyping

PART 1: BACKGROUND

  • History of RP Systems
    • Introduction of non-SL systems
    • Initial introduction of 3D printers
    • New generation machines
  • Industries being served
    • How RP models are being used
    • Installations by country
  • Applications
    • Communication
    • Engineering changes
    • Good ideas and powerful proposals
    • Concept models
    • Verifying CAD databases
    • Styling, ergonomic studies
    • Functional testing
    • Prototypes
    • Metal castings
    • Early input from suppliers, toolmakers
    • Quote requests
    • Tooling
    • Rapid manufacturing
    • Unlimited potential

PART 2: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Revenue growth and forecasts
    • Revenues from products and services
    • Annual revenue growth percentages
    • Comparing growth of RP and machining markets
    • 3D Systems still dominates
    • Material sales
    • Revenues from service providers
    • Secondary market
    • Revenues from other services
  • Unit sales growth and forecasts
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Stratasys extends its lead
    • Systems sold by region
    • Cumulative systems sold by region
    • Market shares by U.S. manufacturers
    • Market shares by Japanese manufacturers
    • Cumulative market shares by manufacturer
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
    • 3D printer sales by manufacturer and year
  • Number of models being produced
  • Service providers
    • Growth
    • Market segment continues to shrink
    • Number of models produced annually
    • Working with service providers
    • Improving conditions
    • Future markets
    • Changing role
    • What lies ahead

PART 3: TOOLING

  • Advances
    • Growing list of methods
    • Improved thermal management
    • Risk factors
  • Indirect approaches
    • Silicone rubber tooling
    • Epoxy-based composite tooling
    • Spray metal tooling
    • RSP Tooling
    • Ford Sprayform
    • Cast kirksite tooling
    • RPM (rubber plaster mold) casting
    • 3D Keltool
    • PolySteel
    • MetalCopy
    • Swiftool
    • PHAST
    • V-Process
    • Reconfigurable Tooling Systems
    • Others
  • Direct approaches
    • SL tooling
    • SLS tooling
    • DMLS
    • POM
    • Others
  • Other options
    • CNC-machined tooling
    • Laminate tooling
    • Hybrid tooling
    • Space Puzzle Molding
  • Tool design software
    • Magics Tooling
    • FlashTL Mould
    • Other products
  • Size of tooling market
    • Aluminum tooling
    • Projected growth rates
    • Metal part fabrication
  • Tooling comparison matrix

PART 4: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

  • 3D Systems
    • New management
    • Settlement
    • New products
    • Other developments
  • Arcam
  • Beijing Yinhua
  • Concept Laser
  • Cubic Technologies
  • Envisiontec
  • EOS
    • New products and applications
    • Settlement with 3D Systems
  • F&S/MCP
  • Objet Geometries
    • Partnership with Stratasys
    • Eden330
    • Eden260
  • Optomec
  • Phenix Systems
  • POM
    • DMD 505
    • Technology strengths
  • ProMetal
  • Sanders Design International
  • Shanghai Union Technology
  • Solidica
  • Solidscape
  • Sony
  • Stratasys
    • Dimension
    • Partnership with Objet
    • Other systems, materials
    • Outlook
  • Trumpf
  • Wuhan Binhu
  • Z Corp.
    • Unit sales
    • Materials
    • Distribution
  • 3DP licensees
    • Therics
    • Soligen
    • Metal Matrix Cast Composites
    • Specific Surface
  • Others
    • Schroff
    • Helisys
    • Cubital
    • Röders
    • BMT
  • Real cost of RP
  • RP stocks
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Trends and areas of interest
    • Outlook

PART 5: ASIA & EUROPE

  • Asia
    • China
    • Korea
    • Medical applications
    • New product development
  • Japan
    • Changing conditions
    • Stereolithography is still king
    • SL materials
    • Other RP technologies
    • INCS
    • Expanded use of CAD solid modeling
    • Japan’s future
  • Europe
    • United Kingdom
    • Italy
    • Germany
    • France
    • Portugal
    • Sweden
    • Finland
    • Denmark
    • The Netherlands
    • Belgium
  • Other regions
    • South Africa
    • Brazil
    • Canada
    • RP groups and associations

PART 6: RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

  • Patents
  • Technology developments
    • Photopolymers
    • Deposition
    • Lamination
    • Powder systems
    • Other additive and subtractive methods
    • Computational advances
    • Other advances
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • National Science Foundation
    • Educational funding
    • Gradient and multi-materials support
    • Biomedical research
    • Meso, micro, and nano scale technology
    • Other NSF-funded projects
    • Department of Commerce
    • Department of Health and Human Services
  • RP academic programs
    • RP educational activities
    • Basic research activities
    • Applied research activities
    • Future trends and contributions

PART 7: RAPID MANUFACTURING

  • What is it?
  • Benefits
    • Product design
    • Materials
    • Custom products
    • Prototyping and production
    • Manufacturing location
  • Applications and industries
    • Air ducts for fighter jets
    • Sintered parts for space
    • Formula 1
    • Military tanks
    • Hearing instruments
    • Centrifuge
    • Submarine part
    • Computer lock
    • Lamp designs
    • Other possibilities
  • When it makes sense
    • Shape and size
    • Production volume
    • Quality
  • Cost analysis and economics
    • Production implications
    • Strategic implications
  • Challenges and needed research
    • Processes
    • Materials
    • Product design
    • Organization, management, and supply chain issues

PART 8: OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

  • Growth of solid modeling
    • Revenue and seat count estimates
    • Solid business
    • New potential markets
  • RP materials
    • SL resin developments
    • Discount supplier
    • Laser-sintering powders
    • Metal materials for sintering
    • EOS Alumide
    • FDM materials
    • New Objet materials
    • Materials from Z Corp.
    • Material for InVision
    • Envisiontec Perfactory
    • Predicting the performance of injection-molded parts
  • Medical modeling
    • RP equipment and medical scanners
    • Transferring the medical scan data
    • Material options
    • Research and development
    • Conjoined twins
    • Egyptian case
  • 3D digitizing and reverse engineering
    • Applications
    • Clay model acquisition
    • Competitive assessment
    • Manufacturing surface comparison
    • Inspection
    • Technology
    • 3D digitizing
    • Limitations and other important issues
    • Triangle meshes and surfaces
    • Caveats

PART 9: WHERE IT'S ALL HEADED

  • Exciting times
  • Analysis process
  • 3D printers for concept modeling
    • Factors affecting demand
    • Changes in technology and prices
    • Changing materials
    • Product development
    • Who will buy them?
  • Rapid prototyping systems for plastics
    • Market demand
    • Technology, pricing, and materials
    • Design and manufacturing
    • Who are the customers?
  • RP systems for metals
    • Demand for metal parts from RP
    • Technology and pricing
    • Changes in product development and manufacturing
  • Rapid manufacturing systems for plastics
    • Market demand
    • Changes to design and manufacturing
    • Who are the buyers?
  • Rapid manufacturing systems for metals
    • Market demand
    • Changes in product development
  • Summary
  • Where to learn more
    • Global Alliance of Rapid
    • Prototyping Associations
    • Rapid Technologies and Additive Manufacturing Community

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: RP system and material manufacturers
    • Canada
    • China
    • England
    • France
    • Germany
    • Israel
    • Japan
    • Singapore
    • Sweden
    • United States
  • Appendix C: U.S. RP system specifications
  • Appendix D: RP systems manufactured outside the U.S.
  • Appendix E: Material properties
  • Appendix F: 3D digitizing systems
  • Appendix G: Reverse engineering software