Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2003

Information and order form
Table of contents,
Contributors
Press release
Independent reviews one and two.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
About the author
Focus of this report
Introduction to rapid prototyping

PART 1: BACKGROUND

  • History of RP systems
  • Industries being served
    • How RP models are being used
    • Installations by country
  • Applications
    • Communication
    • Engineering changes
    • Good ideas and powerful proposals
    • Concept models
    • Verifying CAD databases
    • Styling, ergonomic studies
    • Functional testing
    • Prototypes
    • Metal castings
    • Early input from suppliers, toolmakers
    • Quote requests
    • Rapid tooling
    • Rapid manufacturing
    • Unlimited potential

PART 2: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Revenue growth and forecasts
    • Revenues from products and services
    • Annual revenue growth percentages
    • Comparing growth of RP and machining markets
    • 3D Systems dominates
    • Material sales
    • Revenues from service providers
    • Secondary market
    • Revenues from other services
  • Unit sales growth and forecasts
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Stratasys leads
    • Systems sold by region
    • Cumulative systems sold by region
    • Market shares by U.S. manufacturers
    • Market shares by Japanese manufacturers
    • Cumulative market shares by manufacturer
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
    • 3D printer sales by manufacturer and year
  • Number of models being produced
  • Service providers
    • Growth and location
    • Mix of machines
    • Market segment continues to shrink
    • Number of models produced annually
    • Working with service providers
    • Challenging times
    • Change threatens service providers
    • What lies ahead?

PART 3: TOOLING

  • Advances
    • Growing list of methods
    • Improved thermal management
    • Risk factors
  • Indirect approaches
    • Silicone rubber tooling
    • Epoxy-based composite tooling
    • Spray metal tooling
    • RSP Tooling
    • Ford Sprayform
    • Cast kirksite tooling
    • RPM (rubber plaster mold) casting
    • 3D Keltool
    • PolySteel
    • EcoTool
    • Swiftool
    • PHAST
    • V-Process
    • Reconfigurable Tooling Systems
    • Others
  • Direct approaches
    • Direct AIM tooling
    • SLS tooling
    • DMLS
    • POM
    • Others
  • Other options
    • CNC-machined tooling
    • Laminate tooling
    • Hybrid tooling
    • Space Puzzle Molding
  • Tool design software
    • Magics Tooling
    • FlashTL Mould
    • Other products
  • Size of tooling market
    • Aluminum tooling
    • Projected growth rates
    • Metal part fabrication
  • Tooling comparison matrix

PART 4: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

  • 3D Systems
    • Sony licensing
    • InVision
    • New materials
    • Other activities
  • Arcam
  • Beijing Yinhua
  • Concept Laser
  • Cubic Technologies
  • Envisiontec
  • EOS
    • U.S. market
    • Further developments
  • F&S GmbH
  • Generis
  • Kinergy
  • Objet Geometries
    • Eden machine
    • Other movements
  • Optomec
  • ProMetal
  • Sanders Design International
  • Shanghai Union Technology
  • Solidica
  • Solidscape
  • Stratasys
    • Dimension credited with success
    • New business development
    • Further activities
  • Wuhan Binhu
  • Z Corp.
    • Revenues and unit sales
    • Revamped product line
    • New markets
  • Others
    • Schroff
    • Helisys
    • Cubital
    • Röders
    • BMT
  • Real cost of RP
  • RP stocks
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Trends and areas of interest
    • Outlook

PART 5: ASIA & EUROPE

  • Asia
    • China
    • Hong Kong and Singapore
    • Taiwan and Korea
  • Japan
    • RP strategy in Japan
    • Stereolithography
    • SL materials
    • Non-SL technologies
    • 3D Systems Japan K.K.
    • Developments, trends
    • Low-cost RP technologies
    • Progress from CAD solid modeling
    • Japan’s future
  • Europe
    • RAPTIA
    • NEXTRAMA
    • United Kingdom
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Sweden
    • Finland
    • Denmark
    • The Netherlands
    • Belgium
  • Other regions
    • Brazil
    • South Africa
    • Australia
    • Canada
    • RP groups and associations

PART 6: RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

  • Patents
  • Technology improvements
    • Stereolithography
    • Metal powder deposition technologies
    • DMD and LENS
    • LAM from AeroMet
    • LS and related technologies
    • Speed Part AB
    • Selective Inhibition Sintering
    • Inkjet
    • Methods of extrusion
    • Lamination techniques
    • RP system components
  • Materials
    • Photopolymers
    • Three-dimensional printing
    • Fused Deposition Modeling
  • Manufacturing
    • Industrial products, processes, components
    • Medical, biotechnology, and chemistry-related products
    • Electronics applications
    • MICE
    • Optomec’s M3D
  • Tooling
  • Meso, Micro, and Nano technologies
    • Shape Deposition Manufacturing
    • EFAB from MEMGen
    • Medical and dental applications
  • MIT’s 3DP technology
    • 3DP process
    • Major areas of focus
    • Metal Matrix Cast Composites
    • ProMetal
    • Z Corp.
    • Soligen
    • Specific Surface
    • Therics
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • National Science Foundation
    • Educational funding
    • Traditional research programs
    • Small business research programs
    • Collaborative, cooperative, and consortium research
    • Research instrumentation awards
    • Career grants
    • Department of Defense
    • Department of Commerce
    • Department of Health and Human Services
  • RP academic programs
    • RP educational activities
    • Basic research activities
    • Applied research activities
    • Future trends and contributions from academia

PART 7: RAPID MANUFACTURING

  • What is it?
  • Benefits
    • Product design
    • Materials
    • Custom products
    • Prototyping and production
    • Manufacturing location
  • Applications and industries
    • Air ducts for fighter jets
    • Sintered parts for space
    • Formula 1
    • Military tanks
    • Hearing instruments
    • Submarine part
    • Other possibilities
  • When it makes sense
    • Shape and size
    • Production volume
    • Quality
    • Cost analysis
  • Challenges and needed research
    • Processes
    • Materials
    • Product design
    • Organization and management

PART 8: OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

  • Growth of solid modeling
    • CAE and PLM/PDM
    • Revenue and seat count estimates
    • Bright future
    • Large market potential
  • RP materials
    • Confusion over SL resins
    • Discount suppliers
    • Laser sintering powders
    • Metal materials for sintering
    • Aluminum on the horizon
    • FDM materials
    • Materials from Z Corp.
    • Other material developments
  • Medical modeling
    • Machinery
    • Transfer of medical imaging to RP
    • Materials
    • Research efforts
    • RP’s impact
    • COMPRU
    • Conjoined twins
  • 3D digitizing and reverse engineering
    • Technology
    • 3D digitizing
    • Limitations and other important issues
    • Triangle meshes and surfaces
    • Inspection
    • Caveats

PART 9: WHERE IT'S ALL HEADED

  • Poised for change
  • Short-term
    • 3D printers
    • Rapid manufacturing
    • Rapid prototyping
    • Standardization
    • Tip of the iceberg
  • Mid-term
    • Technology standards
    • Specialization
    • Technology and applications advance
  • Long-term
    • Rapid manufacturing
    • RM changes the process
    • RM changes business processes
    • Speed of change
    • A new age
  • Where to learn more
    • Internet mail list
    • GARPA
    • RPA/SME

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: RP system and material manufacturers
    • Canada
    • China
    • England
    • France
    • Germany
    • Israel
    • Japan
    • Singapore
    • Sweden
    • United States
  • Appendix C: U.S. RP system specifications
  • Appendix D: RP systems manufactured outside the U.S.
  • Appendix E: Material properties
  • Appendix F: 3D digitizing systems
  • Appendix G: Reverse engineering software