Rapid Prototyping

State of the Industry
1997 Worldwide Progress Report

Terry Wohlers

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
    • Changing industry
    • Tracking new developments
  • Industries being served
    • How RP models are being used
    • Installations by country
  • Development of RP systems
  • Why rapid prototyping?
    • Engineering changes
    • Producing powerful proposals
    • Getting early input from suppliers and tool makers
    • Verifying CAD databases
    • Styling and ergonomic studies
    • Requesting quotes
    • Packaging and shipping
    • Critical-to-function drawings
  • Market growth
    • Secondary market
    • Product sales
    • Revenue from services
    • Service bureau market
    • Other service revenues
  • System unit sales
    • New unit sales leader
    • Systems sold by region in 1996
    • Cumulative systems sold by region
    • Installations by US manufacturers in 1996
    • Systems sold by the Japanese
    • 1996 unit sales by manufacturer
    • Cumulative unit sales by manufacturer
    • Unit sales by vendor and year
  • Growth trends and sales forecasts
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Worldwide revenue estimates
    • Annual revenue growth percentages
    • RP growth compared to CNC, machining
    • Billion dollar industry
  • Service bureaus
    • Concentration of SBs
    • Working with SBs
    • SBs are changing
    • Second wave of SBs
    • Mix of RP machines
    • SB survey results
  • Rapid tooling
    • Silicone rubber tooling
    • Direct AIM tooling
    • Epoxy/composite tooling
    • Spray metal tooling
    • Cast kirksite tooling
    • SLS RapidTool
    • 3D Keltool
    • Rapid tooling selection guidelines
  • New developments in rapid tooling
    • Laser Fare
    • 3D Keltool
    • CEMCOM
    • Rapid Dynamics
    • 3DP at MIT
    • LENS technology at Sandia
    • Topographic Shell Fabrication
  • Size of tooling market
  • Material advances
  • Software for RP
    • Bridgeworks and SolidView
    • Brockware
    • MAGICS, CT-Modeller
    • Rapid Prototyping Module (RPM)
    • Rapid Tools
    • StlView
    • Velocity
    • Z-Shifter
  • Concept modelers
    • Genisys
    • Actua 2100
    • Personal Modeler 2100
    • ModelMaker II
    • Z402
    • Cost of 3D printing
    • Reducing the need for prototypes
    • Bottom line
  • System manufacturers
    • 3D Systems
    • Aaroflex
    • BPM Technology
    • Cubital
    • DTM
    • Helisys
    • Sanders Prototype
    • Stratasys
    • Z Corporation
  • RP stock values
  • RP systems in the US
  • RP systems outside the US
  • Europe
    • Disadvantage
    • EOS
  • Japan
    • Growth in Japan
    • Installed base
    • Obstacles to growth
    • Clinging to home-grown software
    • Tooling in Japan
    • High-speed machining
  • Academic programs
    • Focus
    • Challenges, opportunities
  • CAD industry trends
    • CAD software
    • Rhino design software
    • CAD unit installations
    • Hardware and OSs
    • UNIX sites willing to consider Pcs
  • The Internet
  • Medical modeling
    • Skull model of 14-year-old
    • Example models
    • Endoscopy project
  • Reverse engineering
    • How the technology works
    • Laser digitizing systems
    • What works, what doesn’t
    • Other suggestions
    • 3D digitizing systems
  • Where’s it all headed?
    • Risks, land mines
    • Place your bet
    • 8-track tape, audio cassette, and CD
  • The future
    • The challenge of prediction
    • RP system of the future
    • Virtual prototyping
    • Division
    • Muse
    • Future applications
  • Summary and conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • About the author
  • Where to learn more
    • Internet mail list
    • RPA/SME
  • Copyright and trademarks
  • Appendix A: RP system manufacturer addresses
    • United States
    • Israel and Europe
    • Japan
  • Appendix B: RP software company addresses