Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2019

3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing State of the Industry
ISBN 978-0-9913332-5-7

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Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • About the principal authors
    • Associate authors

PART 1: INTRODUCTION

  • Focus of this report
  • Introduction to AM and 3D printing
  • History of additive manufacturing
    • 1960s to the modern era
    • March 2018 to March 2019
  • Industries, applications, and regions
    • Industries
    • Applications
    • Installations by country
  • Medical applications
    • Personalization of surgery using AM
    • AM for serial implant manufacturing
  • Applications in architecture and construction
    • Construction of full-scale buildings
    • Using AM to produce individual parts
    • Architectural models
  • Growth of CAD solid modeling

PART 2: PROCESSES AND MATERIALS

  • Processes
    • Material extrusion
    • Material jetting
    • Sheet lamination
    • Vat photopolymerization
    • Powder bed fusion
    • Directed energy deposition
  • Materials
    • Polymers
    • New polymer products
    • Polymer Pricing
    • Metals
    • New metal products and related developments
    • Making metal powders for AM
    • Pricing of metal powders
    • Composites and hybrid materials
    • Materials for metal-casting processes
    • Ceramics and other materials
  • Third-party Material Producers
    • Open vs. Closed material business models
    • List of third-party producers
  • Process/material matrix

PART 3: SYSTEM PRODUCERS

  • China
    • Bright Laser Technologies
    • CTC
    • Eplus 3D
    • Farsoon
    • Hengtong
    • Huake 3D
    • Intamsys
    • Long Yuan
    • Raycham
    • Tiertime
    • TPM
    • UnionTech
    • ZRapid
  • Japan
    • Aspect
    • CMET
    • D-MEC
    • Keyence
    • Matsuura
    • Mimaki
    • Ricoh
    • Sodick
  • Other companies in Asia/Pacific
    • Asiga
    • Carima
    • InssTek
    • MicroJet
    • Rokit
    • Sentrol
    • SPEE3D
    • XYZprinting
  • Germany
    • Arburg
    • BigRep
    • DMG Mori
    • Envisiontec
    • EOS
    • German RepRap
    • Nanoscribe
    • OR Laser
    • Rapid Shape
    • SLM Solutions
    • Trumpf
    • Voxeljet
  • Other companies in Europe and the Middle East
    • 3DCeram
    • Additive Industries
    • AddUp
    • Admatec
    • BeAM
    • Digital Metal
    • DWS
    • Hage3D
    • Lithoz
    • Massivit
    • Mcor
    • Nano Dimension
    • Norsk Titanium
    • Prodways
    • Renishaw
    • Roboze
    • Sharebot
    • Sinterit
    • Sintratec
    • Sisma
    • Stratasys
    • XJet
  • U.S.
    • 3D Platform
    • 3D Systems
    • Carbon
    • Cincinnati
    • Desktop Metal
    • ExOne
    • Fabrisonic
    • Formlabs
    • GE Additive
    • HP
    • Markforged
    • nScrypt
    • Optomec
    • Rize
    • Sciaky
    • Solidscape
  • Additional system manufacturers
  • Process, manufacturer, and material matrix
  • Desktop 3D printers
    • Aleph Objects
    • Creality
    • Cubicon
    • Flashforge
    • MakerBot
    • MakerGear
    • Monoprice
    • Prusa
    • Raise3D
    • Ultimaker
    • Zortrax
    • Other desktop systems manufacturers
  • New AM machine developments

PART 4: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Revenue from AM worldwide
    • Products and services
    • Growth percentages
  • Industrial system unit sales
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Market shares
    • Systems sold by region
    • Average selling price
    • Metal AM systems
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
  • Desktop 3D printer sales
    • Growth
    • Average selling price
  • AM material sales
    • Photopolymers
    • Polymer powders
    • Filaments
    • Metals
  • Investment in publicly traded companies
    • Slowing growth
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Consensus revenue and EPS estimates
    • P/E and EV/IBITDA
    • Looking ahead
  • Service providers
    • Primary service market
    • Service provider survey
    • Contributing service providers
    • Survey results
    • Pre- and post-processing of parts
    • Most popular AM technologies
    • Revenue growth
    • Online marketplace
    • Supplier competition
    • Comments from service providers

PART 5: FINAL PART PRODUCTION

  • Application areas
    • Aerospace
    • Medical and dental
    • Footwear
    • Motor vehicles
  • Benefits of AM for production
    • Elimination of tooling
    • Agile manufacturing and lead time reduction
    • Distributed production
    • Inventory reduction and part consolidation
    • Sustainability and waste reduction
    • Generative design and biomimicry
  • Design for additive manufacturing
    • Part consolidation
    • Reduction of support structures and post-processing
    • Weight reduction and topology optimization
    • Lattice structures
    • Conformal cooling and improved fluid flow
    • Cost benefits of DfAM
  • Process monitoring in metal powder bed fusion
    • Aconity3D
    • EOS
    • GE Additive
    • Renishaw
    • SLM Solutions
    • Sigma Labs
    • UTC
    • Velo3D
    • Outlook
  • Post-processing
    • Post-processing of polymer parts
    • Surface treatment of polymer parts
    • Post-processing of metal parts
    • Thermal processing of metal parts
    • Metal support material removal
    • Metal surface treatment
    • Metal part inspection
  • Challenges
    • Running costs
    • Cost justification
    • Machine throughput
    • Metal part production cost considerations
    • Certification and quality assurance
    • Changing organizational culture
    • Educating designers

PART 6: GLOBAL REPORTS

  • Africa
    • South Africa
  • Asia/Pacific
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • Singapore
    • Taiwan
  • Australasia
    • Australia
    • New Zealand
  • Europe
    • Austria
    • Belgium
    • Denmark
    • Finland
    • France
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Netherlands
    • Norway
    • Poland
    • Portugal
    • Romania
    • Russia
    • Slovenia
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • Switzerland
    • Turkey
    • United Kingdom
  • Middle East
    • Egypt
    • Iran
    • Israel
  • Other regions
    • Brazil
    • Canada

PART 7: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Trends
  • Patents
  • Legal implications
    • IP strategies
    • Patent Enforcement
    • 3D-printed guns
  • Corporate R&D
  • Consortia and collaborations
    • America Makes
    • Additive Manufacturing Consortium
    • Direct Manufacturing Research Center
    • Project TEAMM
  • AM standards
    • ASTM International Committee F42
    • ISO/TC 261
  • NATO
  • AM activities at the Department of Defense
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • National Science Foundation
    • Basic research on AM technology
    • DoD and DoE
  • U.S. national laboratories
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
    • Sandia National Laboratories
  • Government-sponsored R&D in Europe
  • Academic activities and capabilities
    • AM educational activities
    • Research innovations
    • Asia/Pacific
    • Europe
    • North America
    • Other regions
    • Research institutes with AM capabilities
    • Future trends and contributions

PART 8: THE FUTURE OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

  • Industry Trends
    • Materials diversification
    • Design for AM
    • Focus on education and training
    • Custom product design
    • Post-processing and post-process automation
    • Increasing partnerships and collaborations
    • Establishment of viable supply chains
    • Data, security, and interconnectivity
    • Investment in applications
    • Corporate centers of excellence
    • Emergence of startup companies
  • Startups and early-stage investments
  • Market opportunity and forecast
    • Global manufacturing economy
    • A full-fledged manufacturing technology
  • Summary

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: 1988-2006 unit sales
  • Appendix C: Material properties
  • Appendix D: Metal AM comparison matrix
  • Appendix E: AM software tools
  • Appendix F: 3D scanning systems
  • Appendix G: 3D scan-processing software