Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2014

3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report ISBN 978-0-9913332-0-2

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
About the principal authors

PART 1: BACKGROUND

  • Focus of this report
  • Introduction to additive manufacturing and 3D printing
  • History of additive manufacturing
    • May 2013 through October 2013
    • November 2013 to May 2014
  • Results of annual survey
    • Industries
    • Applications
    • Installations by country

PART 2: PROCESSES AND MATERIALS

  • Processes
    • Material extrusion
    • Material jetting
    • Binder jetting
    • Sheet lamination
    • Vat photopolymerization
    • Powder bed fusion
    • Directed energy deposition
  • Post-processing
    • General post-processing
    • Post-processing of metal AM parts
  • Materials
    • Plastics
    • New plastics
    • Metals
    • New metals
    • Composites and hybrid materials
    • Materials for metal casting processes
    • Ceramics and other materials
    • Materials testing and international standards
  • Process/material matrix

PART 3: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

  • Arcam
  • Asiga
  • Beijing Tiertime
  • Blueprinter
  • Carima
  • Concept Laser
  • DWS
  • Envisiontec
  • EOS
  • ExOne
  • Fabrisonic
  • Lithoz
  • Mcor
  • Optomec
  • Rapid Shape
  • ReaLizer
  • Renishaw
  • SLM Solutions
  • Solidscape
  • Stratasys
  • Trumpf
  • 3D Systems
  • Voxeljet
  • Others in Asia
    • Aspect
    • Beijing Longyuan
    • CMET
    • D-MEC
    • Fochif Mechatronics
    • Hunan Farsoon
    • InssTek
    • Keyence
    • Matsuura
    • Microjet Technology
    • Shaanxi Hengtong
    • Shanghai Union-tech
    • Trump Precision Machinery
    • Wuhan Binhu
  • Others in Europe and the U.S.
    • BeAM
    • Innovation MediTech
    • Prodways
    • DM3D Technology
    • Sciaky
  • Emerging technologies
    • Aeroswift
    • Arburg Freeformer
    • Big Area Additive Manufacturing
    • Digital Metal
    • Hybrid Manufacturing Technologies
    • High speed sintering
    • Ion fusion formation
    • Laser consolidation
    • Printoptical technology
    • Selective laser printing
    • Other emerging technologies
  • Personal 3D printers
    • RepRap project
    • Alibaba
    • Crowdfunding
    • Material recycling
    • Software
    • Desktop photopolymer printers
    • Aleph Objects
    • Fabbster
    • Printrbot
    • Solidoodle
    • Ultimaker
    • XYZprinting
    • Others 3D printers
    • Delta-type 3D printers
    • Comparing personal 3D printers

PART 4: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Revenue from AM worldwide
    • Products and services
    • Growth percentages
    • Average selling price
  • Material sales
    • hotopolymers
    • Laser-sintered polymers
    • Metals
  • Service provider market
    • Secondary market segment
  • Market opportunity and forecast
  • Industrial system unit sales
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Market shares
    • Systems sold by region
    • Market shares by manufacturer
    • Metal AM systems
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
    • Forecast
  • Personal systems
  • CAD solid modeling
  • Investor update
    • Voxeljet IPO
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Outlook
  • Service providers
    • Historic events
    • The changing definition of AM service providers
    • 3D content and on-demand services
    • Shapeways
    • Industry survey
    • Steady growth

PART 5: GLOBAL REPORTS

  • Africa
    • South Africa
    • Other countries
  • Asia
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • Singapore
    • Taiwan
  • Australasia
    • Australia
    • New Zealand
  • Europe
    • Austria
    • Belgium
    • Finland
    • France
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Netherlands
    • Poland
    • Portugal
    • Russia
    • Slovenia
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • United Kingdom
  • Other regions
    • Brazil
    • Canada
    • Turkey

PART 6: DIRECT PART PRODUCTION

  • Advantages of AM for production
    • Reduction of tooling
    • Agile manufacturing operations
    • Reduction in inventory
    • Decentralized manufacturing
    • Part consolidation
    • Lightweighting
    • Lattice structures
  • Challenges
    • Cost of machines and materials
    • Speed and throughput
    • Cost justification
    • Traditional attitudes
    • Other requirements
  • Design for AM
    • Standards
    • Design guidelines
    • Education and training
    • Cost-benefit analyses
  • Cost-effective use case
    • Non cost-effective use case
    • Product implications
  • Case studies in AM part production
    • Sustainability study
    • Energy consumption with AM
    • Bespoke bicycle component
    • Aerospace bracket feasibility study

PART 7: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Trends in R&D
  • Legal implications
  • Patents
  • Consortia and collaborations
    • America Makes
    • U.S. government interagency group
    • Additive Manufacturing Consortium
    • Direct Manufacturing Research Center
    • ASTM International Committee F42
    • Project TEAM
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • NSF basic research on existing AM technology
    • NSF research on meso, micro, and nano scale technology
    • National Institutes of Health
    • Department of Defense
    • America Makes
    • U.S. National Laboratories
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • Government-sponored R&D in Europe
  • Academic activities and capabilities
    • AM educational activities
    • Research innovations
    • Academic institutions with AM capabilities
    • Research institutes with AM capabilities
    • Future trends and contributions

PART 8: THE FUTURE AM in 2014

  • AM in 2104
    • Invigorated manufacturing
    • A diverging industry
    • Production applications
    • Corporate attention
    • Investment
    • Crowdfunding
    • Challenges and research trends
  • AM's future
    • New businesses
    • The depths of possibilities
  • Summary
  • Next steps

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: System and material manufacturers
    • Austria
    • Canada
    • China
    • Denmark
    • France
    • Germany
    • Ireland
    • Israel
    • Italy
    • Japan
    • Korea
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Sweden
    • Taiwan
    • United Kingdom
    • United States
  • Appendix C: System specifications
  • Appendix D: Personal 3D printers
  • Appendix E: Material properties
  • Appendix F: Direct metal AM comparison matrix
  • Appendix G: AM software tools
  • Appendix H: 3D scanning systems
  • Appendix I: 3D scan-processing software