Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2013

Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report ISBN 0-9754429-9-6

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
About the principal authors

PART 1: BACKGROUND

  • Focus of this report
  • Introduction to additive manufacturing and 3D printing
  • History of additive manufacturing
    • May 2012 through October 2012
    • November 2012 to May 2013
  • Industries and regions benefiting from AM processes
    • How companies are applying AM processes
    • Installations by country

PART 2: APPLICATIONS

  • Prototyping
    • Visual aids and presentation models
    • Fit, function, and assembly
  • Tooling
  • Metal casting
  • Architectural
  • Medical
    • Anatomical and surgical models
    • Custom prosthetic design
    • Virtual surgical planning and personalized surgical instruments
    • Custom and off-the -shelf AM-fabricated implants
    • Biocompatibility of AM materials
    • Regulatory clearances of AM products
  • Dental
  • Direct part production
    • Aerospace
    • Automotive and motorsports
    • Medical
    • Avatars and figurines
    • Furniture, home, and office accessories
    • Applications in music
    • Consumer-created products
    • Art and jewelry
    • Gifts, trophies, and memorials
    • Marketing and advertising
    • Museum displays
    • Fashion and high-performance products
  • Future applications

PART 3: PROCESSES AND MATERIALS

  • Processes
    • Material extrusion
    • Material jetting
    • Binder jetting
    • Sheet lamination
    • Vat photopolymerization
    • Powder bed fusion
    • Directed energy deposition
  • Materials
    • Plastics
    • New plastics
    • Metals
    • New metals
    • Composites and hybrid materials
    • Materials for metal casting processes
    • Ceramics and other materials
    • Materials testing and international standards
  • Process/material matrix

PART 4: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

  • Arcam
  • Asiga
  • Beijing Tiertime
  • Blueprinter
  • Carima
  • Concept Laser
  • DWS
  • Envisiontec
  • EOS
    • Precious M 080
    • Other business
  • ExOne
  • Innovation MediTech
  • Lithoz
  • Mcor
  • Optomec
  • Phenix Systems
  • Rapid Shape
  • ReaLizer
  • Renishaw
  • SLM Solutions
  • Solidscape
  • Stratasys Ltd.
    • Stratasys and Objet merger
    • New systems
    • Other developments
  • Trumpf
  • 3D Systems
    • Acquisitions
    • New products
    • Personal, professional, and production 3D printers
    • Other business
  • Voxeljet
  • Others in Asia
    • Agilista
    • Aspect
    • Beijing Long Yuan
    • CMET
    • D-MEC
    • Fochif Mechatronics
    • Hunan Farsoon
    • InssTek
    • Matsuura
    • Microjet Technology
    • Shaanxi Hengtong
    • Shanghai Union-tech
    • Trump Precision Machinery
    • Wuhan Binhu
  • Others in Europe and the U.S.
    • BeAM
    • Essential Dynamics
    • DM3D Technology
    • Fabrisonic
    • Sciaky
  • Emerging technologies
    • Aeroswift
    • High speed sintering
    • Digital Metal
    • Ion fusion formation
    • Laser consolidation
    • Printoptical technology
    • Selective laser printing
    • Selective mask sintering
  • Personal 3D printers
    • RepRap project
    • AliBaba
    • Kickstarter and Indiegogo
    • Material recycling
    • Software
    • Aleph Objects
    • Fabbster
    • Formlabs
    • MakerBot Industries
    • RoBo 3D
    • Printrbot
    • Solidoodle
    • Ultimaking
    • Others
    • Comparing personal 3D printers

PART 5: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Revenue from AM worldwide
    • Products and services
    • Growth percentages
    • Average selling price
  • Material sales
    • Photopolymers
    • Laser-sintered polymers
    • Metals
  • Service providers
    • Secondary market
  • Market opportunity and forecast
  • Industrial system unit sales
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Market shares
    • Systems sold by region
    • Market shares by manufacturer
    • Metal AM systems
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
    • Forecast
  • Personal systems
  • Investor update
    • New public companies
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Outlook
  • Service providers
    • Industry survey
    • Steady growth
    • 3D content and on-demand services
    • Shapeways

PART 6: GLOBAL REPORTS

  • Africa
    • South Africa
    • Other countries
  • Asia
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • Singapore
  • Australasia
    • Australia
    • New Zealand
  • Europe
    • Austria
    • Belgium
    • Finland
    • France
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Netherlands
    • Portugal
    • Russia
    • Slovenia
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • United Kingdom
  • Other regions
    • Brazil
    • Canada
    • Turkey

PART 7: DIRECT PART PRODUCTION

  • Changing the way you manufacture
  • Why use AM for production?
    • Customer satisfaction
    • Reduction of tooling
    • Part consolidation
    • Industry standards
  • Design for additive manufacturing
    • A new way of thinking
    • Consumer design
  • Cost analysis and economics
  • Environmental considerations
    • Use of raw material
    • Sustainability implications
    • Distribution and logistics
    • Production by consumers
    • Environmental assessment tools
  • Energy use in AM
  • Intellectural property implications
  • Product liability implications
  • Required research and development
    • Processes
    • Materials and related considerations
    • Organization, management, and supply chain issues

PART 8: FRONT AND BACK-END CONSIDERATIONS

  • CAD solid modeling
    • MCAD in the cloud
    • PLM on the cloud
    • Autodesk moves simulation to the cloud
    • CAD/PLM leaders show anemic revenue growth
    • Seat count estimates
  • Tools for architectural modeling
  • 3D scanning and scan processing
    • Primary uses
    • Current state of 3D measurement
    • Post-processing 3D data
    • Consumer 3D scanning
    • What's next?
  • Medical imaging and processing software
  • Co-design/co-creation
  • AM software tools
    • STL/AMF file review and repair
    • Lattice structures
    • Topology optimzation
    • KARMA
  • Post-processing
    • Removing material
    • Adding material
    • Options that work for AM
  • Post-processing of metal AM parts
    • Pre-build planning
    • Post-build clean-up and preparation
    • Thermal processing
    • Support removal and post-maching
    • Surface finishing
    • Inspection and non-destructive testing

PART 9: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Trends in R&D
  • Patents
  • Consortia and collaborations
    • National Network for Manufacturing Innovation
    • National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute
    • U.S. government interagency group
    • Additive Manufacturing Consortium
    • Direct Manufacturing Research Center
    • ASTM International Committee F42
    • Project TEAM
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • National Science Foundation
    • Meso, micro, and nano scale technology
    • Basic research on existing AM technology
    • Educational research
    • National Institutes of Health
    • Department of Defense
  • U.S. National Laboratories
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • Academic activities and capabilities
    • AM educational activities
    • Research innovations
    • Academic institutions with AM capabilities
    • Research institutes with AM capabilities
    • Future trends and contributions

PART 10: THE NEXT FRONTIER

  • First 25 years
  • What's ahead?
    • New businesses
    • The depths of possibilities
  • Holy grail
  • Next steps

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: System and material manufacturers
    • Austria
    • Canada
    • China
    • Denmark
    • France
    • Germany
    • Ireland
    • Israel
    • Italy
    • Japan
    • Korea
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Sweden
    • Taiwan
    • United Kingdom
    • United States
  • Appendix C: System specifications
  • Appendix D: Personal 3D printers
  • Appendix E: Material properties
  • Appendix F: Direct metal AM comparison matrix
  • Appendix G: 3D-scanning systems
  • Appendix H: 3D scan-processing software