Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2009

State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report ISBN 0-9754429-5-3

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
About the author
Focus of this report
Introduction to additive fabrication

PART 1: BACKGROUND

  • History of additive manufacturing
    • Introduction of non-SL systems
    • Introduction of 3D printers
    • New generation machines
    • The past 12 months
    • Early inventions
  • Industries and regions benefiting from the technology
    • How companies are applying AM processes
    • Installations by country
  • Applications
    • Custom manufacturing
    • Communication
    • Engineering changes
    • Powerful ideas and proposals
    • Concept models
    • Verifying CAD databases
    • Styling and ergonomics
    • Fit and functional testing
    • Prototyping
    • Metal castings
    • Requests for quotes
    • Tooling
    • Unlimited potential

PART 2: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Perspective
  • Revenue growth and forecasts
    • Products and services
    • Long-range forecast
    • Annual revenue growth percentages
    • Material sales
    • Revenue from service providers
    • Secondary market
    • Revenue from other services
  • Unit sales growth and forecasts
    • Long-range forecast
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Market shares
    • Systems sold by region
    • Market shares by manufacturer
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
    • 3D printer sales
  • Service providers
    • Growth trends
    • Popular processes
    • Changing conditions
    • The future
    • Maturation of companies
    • Consumer-oriented service providers
    • Outlook

PART 3: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

  • Accufusion
  • Arcam
  • Concept Laser
  • Desktop Factory
  • DWS
  • Envisiontec
  • EOS
    • New EOSINT P 800
    • Ancillary design improvements
    • New materials
    • Partnerships
  • Ex One
  • Fab@Home
  • Huntsman
  • Mcor
  • MTT
    • New machines
    • Selective laser printing
  • Objet Geometries
    • New machines
    • Material developments
    • New chief executive
  • Optomec
  • Phenix Systems
  • POM
  • ReaLizer
  • Sintermask
  • Solidica
  • Solido
  • Solidscape
  • Stratasys
    • Indirect sales strategy
    • Dimension activity
    • Fortus systems
    • RedEye
  • 3D Systems
    • Equipment
    • Other developments
  • Voxeljet
  • Z Corp.
    • ZPrinter 650
    • Newest materials
    • Other developments
  • Investor update
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Outlook

PART 4: ASIA AND EUROPE

  • Asia
    • Perspective on China
    • Another perspective on China
    • Major technology players
    • Chinese machines
    • Korean machines
    • India
  • Japan
    • Additive manufacturing in Japan
    • Changing stereolithography landscape
    • Other AM processes
    • Laser sintering in Japan
    • Japanese service providers
    • The future
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • United Kingdom
    • Italy
    • France
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • The Netherlands
    • Denmark
    • Finland
    • Belgium
    • Portugal
    • Slovenia
  • Other regions
    • South Africa
    • Groups and associations

PART 5: METAL PARTS AND TOOLING

  • Direct metal parts
    • Laser-based, powder-bed systems
    • Powder deposition systems
    • Other approaches
    • Materials testing and international standards
  • Indirect metal parts
    • Investment casting
    • Sand, V-Process, and plaster mold casting
    • LS, ProMetal, and ZCast
    • Die casting
  • Tooling solutions
  • High-performance tooling
  • Direct tooling approaches
    • DMLS
    • Laser consolidation
  • Indirect tooling approaches
    • RSP Tooling
    • Reconfigurable Tooling Systems
    • Other options
  • Other options
    • CNC-machined tooling
    • Hybrid tooling

PART 6: DIRECT PART PRODUCTION

  • Transformation is underway
  • When to use AM for production
    • Elimination of tooling
    • Quality and repeatability
    • Industry standards
  • Cost analysis and economics
    • Production implications
    • Strategic implications
  • Environmental considerations
  • Industrial design
    • Impact of AM for part production
    • Need for customer interaction
  • Applications and industries
    • Aerospace
    • Military and marine
    • Motorsports
    • Automotive
    • Machinery
    • Medical and dental
    • Consumer products
    • Furniture and home accessories
    • Art and jewelry
    • Gifts, awards, and trophies
    • Museum displays
  • Challenges and required research
    • Processes
    • Materials
    • Organization, management, and supply chain issues
    • Future growth potential

PART 7: OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

  • Growth of CAD solid modeling
    • Major trends
    • CAD/PLM revenues
    • Seat count estimates
    • Operating systems
    • What's next?
  • Materials
    • LS powders
    • SL resins
    • PolyJet resins
    • Other materials
    • Coatings and other treatments
    • Part production
  • Medical applications
    • Anatomical models, surgical models, etc.
    • Medical imaging as input to medical models
    • Medical imaging-processing software
    • AM materials suited to medical modeling
    • Additive methods suited to medical modeling
    • Personalized metal implant production
    • Acetabular cups
    • DMLS for surgical implants
  • 3D scanning and reverse engineering
    • 3D-scanning hardware
    • Processing software
    • Applications
    • Hardware technology and limitations
    • Software technology
    • Conclusions

PART 8: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Patents
  • Technology development
    • Metallic materials
    • Biomanufacturing
  • Nanomanufacturing
    • NanoEngineer-1
    • Examples
    • Approaches to nanomanufacturing
    • Nokia's Morph
    • World's smallest radio
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • National Science Foundation
    • Meso, micro, and nanoscale technology
    • Applications of existing AM technology
    • Medicine
    • Education
    • National Institutes of Health
    • Department of Defense
    • NASA
  • College and university education and research
    • Educational activities in additive manufacturing
    • Research and teaching
    • Institutions with capabilities in AM
    • Future trends and contributions

PART 9: WHERE IT'S ALL HEADED

  • The impact on manufacturing
    • AM is driving change
    • Barriers to growth
  • Growth in medical applications
    • Orthopedic implants
    • Dental applications
    • Biomanufacturing
  • Other possibilities
  • New kinds of products
    • Lightweight structures
    • Electronics
    • Clothing and protective gear
  • AM is reaching the consumer
    • Game figures and collectables
    • 21st century thing maker
  • Summary
  • Want to learn more?

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: System and material manufacturers
    • Canada
    • China
    • England
    • France
    • Germany
    • Ireland
    • Israel
    • Italy
    • Japan
    • Korea
    • Sweden
    • Switzerland
    • United States
  • Appendix C: U.S. system specifications
  • Appendix D: Systems manufactured outside the U.S.
  • Appendix E: Material properties
  • Appendix F: Metal fabrication comparison matrix
  • Appendix G: 3D scanning systems
  • Appendix H: 3D scan processing software