Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2007

State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report ISBN 0-9754429-3-7

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
About the author
Focus of this report
Introduction to additive fabrication

PART 1: BACKGROUND

  • History of additive fabrication
    • Introduction of non-SL systems
    • Introduction of 3D printers
    • New generation machines
    • The past 12 months
    • Early inventions
  • Industries and regions benefiting from the technology
    • How companies are applying additive processes
    • Installations by country
  • Applications
    • Communication
    • Engineering changes
    • Powerful ideas and proposals
    • Concept models
    • Verifying CAD databases
    • Styling and ergonomics
    • Fit and functional testing
    • Prototyping
    • Metal castings
    • Requests for quotes
    • Tooling
    • Manufacturing of parts
    • Unlimited potential

PART 2: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Revenue growth and forecasts
    • Revenues from products and services
    • Annual revenue growth percentages
    • Material sales
    • Revenues from service providers
    • Secondary market
    • Revenues from other services
  • Unit sales growth and forecasts
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Stratasys widens its lead
    • Systems sold by region
    • Cumulative systems sold by region
    • Market shares by U.S. manufacturers
    • Cumulative market shares by manufacturer
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
    • 3D printer sales
  • Service providers
    • Process popularity
    • Slowing decline
    • Improving conditions
    • The future
    • Service providers adapt
    • What's ahead

PART 3: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

  • Arcam
  • Concept Laser
  • Cubic Technologies
  • Desktop Factory
  • Envisiontec
  • EOS
    • New systems
    • Latest materials
  • Ex One
  • MCP
  • Next Factory
  • Objet Geometries
  • Optomec
  • Phenix Systems
  • POM
  • ProMetal
  • Solidica
  • Solidimension
  • Solidscape
  • Sony
  • Speed Part
  • Stratasys
    • Expanded distribution
    • Products and services
    • Other developments
  • 3D Systems
    • V-Flash
    • Other products
    • New developments
  • Trumpf
  • Voxeljet
  • Z Corp.
    • New systems
    • Latest materials
    • Other developments
  • Others
    • Investor update
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Outlook

PART 4: ASIA AND EUROPE

  • Asia
    • Strong activity
    • Northern Asia
    • Southeast Asia
    • Industrial sectors and applications
    • Chinese system manufacturers
    • Korean system manufacturers
    • India
  • Japan
    • State of the industry
    • Stereolithography remains popular
    • Acceptance of other additive processes
    • Microstereolithography
    • 3D printers
    • Tooling and the role of service providers
    • CAD solid modeling
    • The future
  • Europe
    • United Kingdom
    • Italy
    • Germany
    • France
    • Spain
    • Portugal
    • Sweden
    • Finland
    • Denmark
    • The Netherlands
    • Belgium
  • Other regions
    • South Africa
    • Canada
    • Groups and associations

PART 5: METAL PARTS AND TOOLING

  • Direct metal fabrication
    • Laser-based, powder-bed systems
    • Powder deposition systems
    • Other approaches
    • Need for materials testing
  • Cast metal parts
    • Investment casting
    • Sand, V-Process, and plaster mold casting
    • LS, ProMetal, and ZCast
    • Die casting
  • Tooling solutions
  • High-performance tooling
  • Indirect tooling approaches
    • RSP Tooling
    • Reconfigurable Tooling Systems
    • Other options
  • Direct approaches
    • Laser Consolidation
    • SLS tooling
    • DMLS
    • Others
  • Other options
    • CNC-machined tooling
    • Hybrid tooling
  • Size of tooling market

PART 6: RAPID MANUFACTURING

  • Another industrial revolution?
  • Benefits and barriers
    • Design freedom
    • Industrial design
    • Customer-driven design
    • Part consolidation and optimization
    • Product personalization
    • Logistics and supply chains
  • Applications and industries
    • Aerospace
    • Military
    • Motor sports
    • Automotive
    • Machinery
    • Medical and dental
    • Consumer products
    • Art and jewelry
    • Gifts, awards, and trophies
    • Future possibilities
  • When it makes sense
    • Shape and size
    • Production volume
    • Quality
  • Cost analysis and economics
    • Production implications
    • Strategic implications
  • Challenges and required research
    • Processes
    • Materials
    • Organization, management, and supply chain issues

PART 7: OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

  • Growth of CAD solid modeling
    • Major trends
    • Revenue and seat count estimates
    • Operating systems
    • What's next?
  • Materials
    • LS powders
    • SL resins
    • Other materials
    • Coatings and surface treatments
    • Rapid manufacturing
    • Predicting the performance of injection-molded parts
  • Medical applications
    • Medical image-processing software
    • Materials suited to medical modeling
    • Additive methods suited to medical modeling
    • Implantable additive parts
    • Injuries suffered in Iraq and Afghanistan
    • Walter Reed Army Medical Center
  • 3D scanning and reverse engineering
    • 3D scanning hardware
    • Processing software
    • Applications
    • Technology
    • Limitations and other issues
    • Polygon meshes and surfaces
    • Caveats and conclusions

PART 8: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Patents
  • Technology development
    • Process development
    • Materials
    • Applications
  • Nanomanufacturing
    • Examples
    • Approaches
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • National Science Foundation
    • Meso, micro, and nanoscale technology
    • Process improvements, material developments, and new applications
    • Composites, multi-materials, and functionally graded materials
    • Medicine
    • Education
    • National Institutes of Health
    • Department of Defense
    • NASA
  • College and university education and research
    • Educational activities in additive fabrication
    • Research and teaching
    • Future trends and contributions

PART 9: WHERE IT'S ALL HEADED

  • 3D printing for design and modeling
  • Mainstream systems
  • Systems for rapid manufacturing
    • Application areas
    • Short-run production
    • Complex shapes and assemblies
    • Multi-functional components
  • Indirect rapid manufacturing
  • Tooling
  • Summary
  • Where to learn more
    • Global Alliance of Rapid Prototyping Associations
    • Rapid Technologies and Additive Manufacturing Community

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: System and material manufacturers
    • Canada
    • China
    • France
    • Germany
    • Israel
    • Italy
    • Japan
    • Korea
    • Sweden
    • United States
  • Appendix C: U.S. system specifications
  • Appendix D: Systems manufactured outside the U.S.
  • Appendix E: Material properties
  • Appendix F: Metal fabrication comparison matrix
  • Appendix G: 3D scanning systems
  • Appendix H: 3D scan processing software