Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2006

Rapid Prototyping & Tooling State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report ISBN 0-9754429-2-9

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments About the author Focus of this report Introduction to additive fabrication

PART 1: BACKGROUND

  • History of additive fabrication
    • Introduction of non-SL systems
    • Initial introduction of 3D printers
    • New generation machines
    • The past 12 months
    • Early inventions
  • Industries embracing the technology
    • How companies are applying additive processes
    • Installations by country
  • Applications
    • Communication
    • Engineering changes
    • Powerful ideas and proposals
    • Concept models
    • Verifying CAD databases
    • Styling and ergonomics
    • Fit and functional testing
    • Prototyping
    • Metal castings
    • Tooling
    • Requests for quotes
    • Manufacturing support
    • Manufacturing of parts
    • Research
    • Art and sculpture
    • Unlimited potential

PART 2: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Revenue growth and forecasts
    • Revenues from products and services
    • Annual revenue growth percentages
    • Seventeen years of growth
    • 3D Systems' market share
    • Material sales
    • Revenues from service providers
    • Secondary market
    • Revenues from other services
  • Unit sales growth and forecasts
    • Average selling price
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Stratasys maintains its lead
    • Systems sold by region
    • Cumulative systems sold by region
    • Market shares by U.S. manufacturers
    • Market shares by Japanese manufacturers
    • Cumulative market shares by manufacturer
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
    • 3D printer sales
  • Number of parts being produced
  • Service providers
    • Process popularity
    • Percentage continues to decline
    • Working with service providers
    • Improving conditions
    • The future
    • Service providers adapt
    • What's ahead

PART 3: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

  • Arcam
  • Concept Laser
  • Cubic Technologies
  • Desktop Factory
  • Envisiontec
    • Technical developments
    • Target markets
    • Challenges for the year ahead
  • EOS
    • New products
    • Other developments
  • MCP/F&S
  • Next Factory
  • Objet Geometries
    • New Eden models
    • Other developments
  • Optomec
  • Phenix Systems
  • POM
    • Strengths and limitations of DMD
    • Installations and sales activity
  • ProMetal
  • Solidica
  • Solidimension
  • Solidscape
  • Sony
  • Speed Part
  • Stratasys
    • New products and services
    • Further developments
  • 3D Systems
    • Viper Pro
    • Product news
    • Other developments
  • Trumpf
  • Z Corp.
    • Contex acquisition
    • New products
    • Other developments
  • Others
  • Real cost of the technology
  • Investor update
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Future opportunities
    • 3D printing
    • Rapid manufacturing
    • Outlook

PART 4: ASIA AND EUROPE

  • Asia
    • Strong activity
    • Northern Asia
    • Southeast Asia
    • Industrial sectors and applications
    • Chinese system manufacturers
    • Korean system manufacturers
  • Japan
    • Is this Japanese-style business?
    • Popularity of stereolithography
    • Acceptance of non-SL processes
    • 3D printers
    • Tooling and the role of service providers
    • CAD solid modeling
    • The future
  • Europe
    • United Kingdom
    • Italy
    • Germany
    • France
    • Spain
    • Portugal
    • Sweden
    • Finland
    • Denmark
    • The Netherlands
    • Belgium
  • Other regions
    • South Africa
    • Brazil
    • Groups and associations

PART 5: METAL PARTS AND TOOLING

  • Direct metal fabrication
    • Laser-based, powder-bed systems
    • Powder deposition systems
    • Other approaches
    • Need for materials testing
  • Cast metal parts
    • Investment casting
    • Sand casting
    • ZCast
    • Plaster mold casting
    • Rubber plaster mold casting
    • V-Process
    • Die casting
  • Tooling solutions
  • High-performance tooling
  • Indirect tooling approaches
    • RSP Tooling
    • Reconfigurable Tooling Systems
    • Other options
  • Direct approaches
    • Laser Consolidation
    • SLS tooling
    • DMLS
    • Others
  • Other options
    • CNC-machined tooling
    • Hybrid tooling
    • Trends in hybrid tooling
  • Size of tooling market
  • Metal fabrication comparison matrix

PART 6: RAPID MANUFACTURING

  • A new industrial revolution?
  • Benefits and barriers
    • Design freedom
    • Part consolidation and optimization
    • Tailored products
    • Logistics and supply chains
  • Applications and industries
    • Aerospace
    • Military
    • Motor sports
    • Automotive
    • Machinery
    • Medical and dental
    • Consumer products
    • Art and jewelry
    • Other areas
    • Future possibilities
  • When it makes sense
    • Shape and size
    • Production volume
    • Quality
  • Cost analysis and economics
    • Production implications
    • Strategic implications
  • Challenges and required research
    • Processes
    • Materials
    • Product design
    • Organization, management, and supply chain issues

PART 7: OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

  • Growth of CAD solid modeling
    • Major trends
    • Revenue and seat count estimates
    • Operating systems and hardware
    • What's next?
  • Materials
    • LS powders
    • SL resins
    • FDM
    • PolyJet
    • Z Corp.
    • InVision
    • Envisiontec
    • Surface coatings and special treatments
    • Predicting the performance of injection-molded parts
  • Medical modeling
    • Medical imaging technology
    • Medical image processing software
    • Materials suited to medical modeling
    • Medical use of color models
    • Additive techniques suited to medical modeling
    • The market for additive models
    • Directly implantable additive parts
    • iDent Imaging
    • RP4Baghdad humanitarian project
  • 3D scanning and reverse engineering
    • 3D scanning hardware
    • Processing software
    • Applications
    • Product design: Ferrari wing
    • Manufacturing: Howmet/Alcoa turbine blade inspection
    • Process selection and tolerance design: Bronze sculpture
    • Mass customization: GN ReSound
    • Supply chain qualification: Risks of a global supply base
    • Product support: Extended life from tooling
    • Other possibilities
    • Technology
    • Limitations and other important issues
    • Polygon meshes and surfaces
    • Caveats and conclusions

PART 8: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Patents
  • Technology development
    • Process development
    • Materials
    • Applications
    • Modeling
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • National Science Foundation
    • Meso, micro, and nano scale technology
    • Process improvements, materials development, and new applications
    • Composites, multi-materials, and functionally graded materials
    • Medicine
    • Education
    • Other areas
    • Department of Health and Human Services
    • Department of Defense
    • NASA
    • Department of Energy
  • College and university education and research
    • Educational activities in additive fabrication
    • Research and teaching
    • Future trends and contributions

PART 9: WHERE IT'S ALL HEADED

  • 3D printing for design and modeling
  • Mainstream systems
  • Additive systems for series production
    • Application areas
    • Short run production
    • Complex shapes
    • Multi-functional components
  • Tooling
  • Summary
  • Where to learn more
    • Global Alliance of Rapid Prototyping Associations
    • Rapid Technologies and Additive Manufacturing Community

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: System and material manufacturers
    • Canada
    • China
    • France
    • Germany
    • Israel
    • Italy
    • Japan
    • Korea
    • Sweden
    • United States
  • Appendix C: U.S. system specifications
  • Appendix D: Systems manufactured outside the U.S.
  • Appendix E: Material properties
  • Appendix F: 3D scanning systems
  • Appendix G: Reverse engineering software