Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2005

Rapid Prototyping & Tooling State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report ISBN 0-9754429-1-0

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Dedication
About the author
Focus of this report
Introduction to additive fabrication

PART 1: BACKGROUND

  • History of additive fabrication
    • Introduction of non-SL systems
    • Initial introduction of 3D printers
    • New generation machines
    • The past 12 months
    • Early inventions
  • Industries embracing the technology
    • How companies are applying additive processes
    • Installations by country
  • Applications
    • Communication
    • Engineering changes
    • Powerful ideas and proposals
    • Concept models
    • Verifying CAD databases
    • Styling and ergonomics
    • Fit and functional testing
    • Prototyping
    • Metal castings
    • Tooling
    • Requests for quotes
    • Manufacturing support
    • Manufacturing of parts
    • Research
    • Art and sculpture
    • Unlimited potential

PART 2: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Revenue growth and forecasts
    • Revenues from products and services
    • Annual revenue growth percentages
    • Sixteen years of growth
    • 3D Systems produces most revenue
    • Material sales
    • Revenues from service providers
    • Secondary market
    • Revenues from other services
  • Unit sales growth and forecasts
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Stratasys holds its lead
    • Systems sold by region
    • Cumulative systems sold by region
    • Market shares by U.S. manufacturers
    • Market shares by Japanese manufacturers
    • Cumulative market shares by manufacturer
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
    • 3D printer sales by manufacturer and year
  • Number of parts being produced
  • Service providers
    • Growth
    • Percentage continues to decline
    • Number of models produced annually
    • Working with service providers
    • Better conditions
    • The future of service providers
    • Service providers have changed
    • What's ahead

PART 3: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

  • 3D Systems
    • Sinterstation Pro
    • InVision LD
    • Other new products
    • Further developments
  • Arcam
  • Concept Laser
  • Cubic Technologies
  • Envisiontec
  • EOS
    • New products, applications
    • In development
  • MCP/F&S
  • Next Factory
  • Objet Geometries
    • New materials
    • Additional news
  • Optomec
    • Customer Applications
    • M3D
  • Phenix Systems
  • POM
    • Trumpf
    • Technology strengths, limitations
    • Sales activity
  • ProMetal
  • Sanders Design International
  • Solidica
  • Solidimension
  • Solidscape
  • Sony
  • Stratasys
    • Product news
    • Future of company
  • Trumpf
  • Z Corp.
    • Spectrum
    • Z510
    • Other developments
  • 3DP licensees
    • Therics
    • Soligen
    • Metal Matrix Cast Composites
    • Specific Surface
  • Others
  • Real cost of the technology
  • Investor update
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Trends and areas of interest
    • Outlook

PART 4: ASIA & EUROPE

  • Asia
    • Hong Kong and southern region
    • Beijing area
    • Shanghai and Eastern
    • China
    • Intellectual property and other factors
    • Markets in China
    • Medical
    • emphasis
    • Taiwan and South Korea
    • Chinese system manufacturers
    • Korean system manufacturers
    • India
  • Japan
    • The Japanese way
    • Stereolithography rules
    • Materials for SL
    • Other additive processes
    • INCS
    • CAD solid modeling
    • The future
  • Europe
    • United Kingdom
    • Italy
    • Germany
    • France
    • Portugal
    • Sweden
    • Finland
    • Denmark
    • The Netherlands
    • Belgium
  • Other regions
    • South Africa
    • Canada
    • Groups and associations

PART 5: METAL PARTS AND TOOLING

  • Direct metal fabrication
    • Laser-based, powder-bed systems
    • Powder deposition systems
    • Other approaches
  • Tooling solutions
  • High-performance tooling
  • Indirect tooling approaches
    • RSP Tooling
    • Ford Sprayform
    • Rapid Moulding Technologies
    • Reconfigurable Tooling Systems
    • Other options
  • Direct approaches
    • Laser Consolidation
    • SLS tooling
    • DMLS
    • Others
  • Other options
    • CNC-machined tooling
    • Hybrid tooling
  • Size of tooling market
  • Cast metal parts
    • Investment casting
    • Sand casting
    • ZCast
    • Plaster mold casting
    • Rubber plaster mold casting
    • V-Process
    • Die casting
  • Metal fabrication comparison matrix

PART 6: RAPID MANUFACTURING

  • What is it?
    • Benefits
    • Product design
    • Materials
    • Custom products
    • Prototyping and production
    • Manufacturing location
  • Applications and industries
    • MG Rover
    • Ski boot buckles
    • Vega launcher
    • Wash blocks
    • Air ducts for F-18
    • Free Flying Magnetometer
    • Formula 1
    • Military tanks
    • Hearing instruments
    • Centrifuge
    • Submarine part
    • Computer lock
    • Lighting designs
    • Mobile Parts Hospital
    • Northrop Grumman
    • Sculptures
    • Medicine
    • Other possibilities
  • When it makes sense
    • Shape and size
    • Production volume
    • Quality
  • Cost analysis and economics
    • Production implications
    • Strategic implications
  • Challenges and needed research
    • Processes
    • Materials
    • Product design
    • Organization, management, and supply chain issues

PART 7: OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

  • Growth of CAD solid modeling
    • Revenue and seat count estimates
    • New potential markets
  • Materials
    • SL resin developments
    • Laser-sintering powder developments
    • FDM materials
    • New Objet materials
    • Materials from Z Corp.
    • Material for InVision
    • Envisiontec Perfactory
    • Predicting the performance of injection-molded parts
  • Medical modeling
    • Additive processes and medical scanners
    • Transferring scan data
    • Materials for medical models
    • Surgical separations
    • Cranial defect reconstruction
    • Advanced technology meeting
    • Egyptian mummy
  • 3D digitizing and reverse engineering
    • Applications
    • 3D data capture
    • 3D digital reconstruction
    • Inspection
    • Ferrari wing
    • Howmet/Alcoa turbine blade inspection
    • Bronze sculpture
    • GN ReSound
    • Technology
    • 3D digitizing
    • Limitations and other important issues
    • Polygon meshes and surfaces
    • Caveats

PART 8: RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

  • Patents
  • Emerging Technologies
    • Process development
    • Materials
    • Medical applications
    • Modeling
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • National Science Foundation
    • Meso, micro, and nano scale technology
    • Process improvements, modifications, and new applications
    • Other new funding from NSF
    • Continuing NSF-funded projects
    • Department of Defense
    • Department of Health and Human Services
    • National Institute of Standards and Technology
  • College and university education and research
    • Educational activities in additive fabrication
    • Research and teaching activities
    • Future trends and contributions from academia

PART 9: WHERE IT'S ALL HEADED

  • 3D printing for concept modeling
  • Mainstream systems for rapid prototyping
  • Systems for series production
    • Application areas
    • Low-volume manufacturing
    • Manufacturing complex shapes
    • Manufacturing multi-functional components
  • Tooling
  • Summary
  • Where to learn more
    • Global Alliance of Rapid
    • Prototyping Associations
    • Rapid Technologies and Additive Manufacturing Community

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: System and material manufacturers
    • Canada
    • China
    • England
    • France
    • Germany
    • Israel
    • Italy
    • Japan
    • Korea
    • Sweden
    • United States
  • Appendix C: U.S. system specifications
  • Appendix D: Systems manufactured outside the U.S.
  • Appendix E: Material properties
  • Appendix F: 3D digitizing systems
  • Appendix G: Reverse engineering software