Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2002

Rapid Prototyping & Tooling State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

  • About the author
  • Focus of this report
  • Introduction to rapid prototyping and tooling

    PART 1: BACKGROUND

    • History of RP systems
    • Industries being served
      • How RP models are being used
      • Installations by country
    • Applications
      • Communication
      • Engineering changes
      • Good ideas and powerful proposals
      • Concept models
      • Verifying CAD databases
      • Styling, ergonomic studies
      • Functional testing
      • Prototypes
      • Metal castings
      • Early input from suppliers, toolmakers
      • Quote requests
      • Rapid tooling
      • Rapid manufacturing
      • Unlimited potential

    PART 2: INDUSTRY GROWTH

    • Number of models being produced
    • Revenue growth
      • Revenues from products and services
      • 3D Systems dominates
      • Material sales
      • Revenues from service providers
      • Secondary market
      • Revenues from other services
    • Unit sales
      • 3D Systems leads
      • Systems sold by region
      • Cumulative systems sold by region
      • Units sold by U.S. manufacturers
      • Units sold by Japanese manufacturers
      • Cumulative unit sales by manufacturer
      • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
      • 3D printer sales by manufacturer and year
    • Growth trends and sales forecasts
      • Unit sales growth percentages
      • Worldwide revenue estimates
      • Annual revenue growth percentages
      • Comparing growth of RP and machining markets
    • Service providers
      • Growth and location
      • Mix of machines
      • Market segment continues to shrink
      • Number of models produced annually
      • Investment casting
      • Working with service providers
      • Challenging times
      • What is driving prices downward?
      • What lies ahead?

    PART 3: TOOLING

    • Advances
      • Growing list of methods
      • Thermal management
      • Risk factors
    • Indirect approaches
      • Silicone rubber tooling
      • Epoxy-based composite tooling
      • Spray metal tooling
      • RSP Tooling
      • Ford's Sprayform
      • Cast kirksite tooling
      • RPM (rubber plaster mold) casting
      • 3D Keltool
      • PolySteel
      • EcoTool
      • Swiftool
      • PHAST
      • V-Process
      • Others
    • Direct approaches
      • Direct AIM tooling
      • SLS tooling
      • DMLS
      • POM
      • Others
    • Other considerations
      • Machined tooling
      • Laminate tooling
      • Hybrid tooling
      • Space Puzzle Molding
      • Tool design software
      • Size of tooling market
      • Tooling comparison matrix

    PART 4: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

    • 3D Systems
      • Materials
      • SLS business
      • OptoForm
      • MJM
      • Other developments
    • Arcam
    • Beijing Yinhua
    • Cubic Technologies
    • EOS
      • EOS P 380
      • 20-micron metal powders
    • Envision Technologies
    • F&S GmbH
    • Generis
    • Kinergy
    • Objet
      • QuadraTempo
      • Support material
      • Sales underway
    • Optomec
    • ProMetal
      • R2, R4, and R10 products
      • Recent developments
    • Sanders Design International
    • Schroff Development
    • Solidica
    • Solidscape
    • Stratasys
      • Dimension
      • Other developments
    • Z Corp.
      • Z810
      • ZCast
      • Other activities
    • Others
      • Helisys
      • Cubital
      • Röders
      • BMT
      • Aaroflex
    • Real cost of RP
    • RP stocks
      • Revenues and earnings
      • Industry consolidation
      • Trends and areas of interest
      • Outlook

    PART 5: ASIA & EUROPE

    • Asia
      • Hong Kong
      • China
      • Singapore
    • Japan
      • Unit sales
      • 3D copy shop
      • Japanese strategy
      • CMET, Sony/D-MEC, others
      • Acceptance of non-SL technologies
      • Sheet lamination systems
      • Developments, trends
      • Lagging software development
      • Accelerated growth expected
    • Europe
      • RAPTIA
      • United Kingdom
      • Germany
      • Italy
      • France
      • Sweden
      • Finland
      • Denmark
      • The Netherlands
      • Belgium
    • Other regions
      • Brazil
      • India
      • South Africa
      • Australia
      • Canada
      • RP groups and associations

    PART 6: RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

    • Developments, patents
    • 3D printers and concept modelers
      • Denken Engineering
      • Solidimension
      • BMT
      • Speed Part
    • Metal and ceramic parts
      • AeroMet
      • CAM-LEM
      • SRI International
      • Others
    • Small parts
      • microTEC
      • MEMGen
      • Mesoscale Integrated Conformal Electronics (MICE)
      • Others
    • Large objects
      • Generis
      • Others
    • MIT's 3DP technology
      • 3DP process
      • Major areas of focus
      • ProMetal
      • Z Corp.
      • Soligen
      • Specific Surface
      • Therics
      • Others
    • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
      • NSF funding
      • DoD funding
      • DoC funding
    • RP academic programs
      • RP educational activities
      • Basic research activities
      • Applied research activities
      • Future trends and contributions from academia

    PART 7: OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

    • Growth of solid modeling
      • Getting good estimates
      • Seat and revenue estimates
      • Unsaturated market
    • RP materials
      • Stereolithography resins
      • Resin business in flux
      • Materials for other RP processes
      • 3D printers
    • Medical modeling
      • Medical imaging to RP
      • Materials for medical RP
      • Research
      • RP's impact
    • Reverse engineering
      • The technology
      • 3D digitizing and scanning
      • Data modeling and surface creation
      • First article inspection
      • Note to the wise

    PART 8: WHERE IT'S ALL HEADED

    • Tough times, bright future
      • Economy
      • Something is missing
      • Necessity is the mother of invention
      • Silver lining
    • Formula for success
      • Divergent paths
      • 3D printing
      • Rapid manufacturing
      • What to expect
      • Last great barrier
      • New rules
    • Where to learn more
      • Internet mail list
      • GARPA
      • RPA/SME

    APPENDICES

    • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
    • Appendix B: RP system manufacturers
      • United States
      • Israel
      • Europe
      • Japan
      • China
      • Singapore
    • Appendix C: Rapid tooling technology developers
      • United States
      • Europe
    • Appendix D: RP software companies
    • Appendix E: Material suppliers
    • Appendix F: U.S. RP system specifications
    • Appendix G: RP systems manufactured outside the U.S.
    • Appendix H: Material properties
    • Appendix I: 3D digitizing systems
    • Appendix J: Reverse engineering software

    Information on purchasing the report, an order form, and brochure, are available. To display a list of those who contributed to the report, click here.