Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2001

Rapid Prototyping & Tooling State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
About the author
Focus of this report
Introduction to rapid prototyping and tooling

PART 1: BACKGROUND

  • History of RP systems
  • Industries being served
    • How RP models are being used
    • Installations by country
  • Applications
    • Communication
    • Engineering changes
    • Good ideas and powerful proposals
    • Concept models
    • Verifying CAD databases
    • Styling, ergonomic studies
    • Functional testing
    • Prototypes and prototype tooling
    • Metal castings
    • Early input from suppliers, toolmakers
    • Quote requests
    • Rapid manufacturing
    • Unlimited potential

PART 2: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Moderate increase
    • Challenges ahead
    • Number of models being produced
  • Revenue growth
    • Revenues from products and services
    • Secondary market
    • Revenues from service providers
    • Revenues from other services
  • Unit sales
    • 3D Systems retains the lead
    • Systems sold by region
    • Cumulative systems sold by region
    • Units sold by U.S. manufacturers
    • Units sold by Japanese manufacturers
    • Recent unit sales by manufacturer
    • Cumulative unit sales by manufacturer
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
    • 3D printer unit sales by manufacturer and year
  • Growth trends and sales forecasts
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Worldwide revenue estimates
    • Annual revenue growth percentages
    • Comparing growth of RP and machining markets
  • Service providers
    • Growth and location
    • Mix of machines
    • Market segment continues to shrink
    • Number of models produced annually
    • Patterns for investment casting
    • Working with service providers
    • Changing times
    • What is driving prices downward?
    • Future challenges
    • What lies ahead?

PART 3: TOOLING

  • Advances
    • Growing list of methods
    • Thermal management
    • Risk factors
  • Indirect approaches
    • Silicone rubber tooling
    • Aluminum-filled epoxy tooling
    • Spray metal tooling
    • RSP Tooling
    • Ford's Sprayform
    • Cast kirksite tooling
    • 3D Keltool
    • PolySteel
    • EcoTool
    • Express Tool
    • CEMCOM
    • Swiftool
    • PHAST
  • Direct approaches
    • Direct AIM tooling
    • Rapid tooling from DTM
    • DMLS
    • Solidica
    • ProMetal
    • LENS
    • POM
  • Other considerations
    • Machined tooling
    • Laminate tooling
    • Hybrid tooling
    • Space Puzzle Molding
    • Prototype tooling selection guide
    • Tool design software
    • Size of tooling market

PART 4: SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS

  • 3D Systems
    • Stereolithography
    • DTM acquisition
    • Other agreements
    • 3D Keltool
  • Aaroflex
  • Beijing Yinhua
  • BMT
  • Cubital
  • DTM
    • New materials
    • Rapid manufacturing
    • Acquisition
  • EOS
    • EOS P 700
    • DirectSteel 20-V1
    • Other developments
  • F&S GmbH
  • Helisys
  • Kinergy
  • Objet
    • Product features
    • Unanswered questions
    • Availability
  • Optomec
  • ProMetal
  • Röders
  • Sanders Design International
  • Schroff Development
  • Solidscape
  • Stratasys
    • FDM Titan
    • Prodigy
    • FDM Maxum
  • Z Corp.
    • Z406
    • Z400
    • Agreements with HP and Xerox
    • Other developments
  • RP stocks
    • Record earnings
    • Factors influencing growth

PART 5: ASIA & EUROPE

  • Asia
    • Hong Kong
    • Mainland China
    • Singapore
    • Korea
    • Taiwan
  • Japan
    • Unit sales growth
    • 3D copy shop
    • Japanese strategy
    • Largest RP machine manufacturer acquired
    • Changing strategies
    • Developments and trends
    • Sheet lamination machines
    • Other machines and technology
    • Why RP growth has been slow
  • Europe
    • RAPTIA
    • United Kingdom
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • France
    • Sweden
    • Finland
    • Denmark
    • The Netherlands
    • Belgium
  • Other regions
    • Brazil
    • India
    • South Africa
    • Australia
    • Canada
    • RP groups and associations

PART 6: RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

  • Developments, patents
  • 3D printers and concept modelers
    • Solidimension
    • BMT
    • Speed Part
    • Others
  • Fabrication of metal and ceramic parts
    • POM
    • AeroMet
    • Arcam
    • Solidica
    • CAM-LEM
    • SRI International
    • Others
  • Small parts
    • microTEC
    • MICE
    • Others
  • Large objects
    • Generis
    • University of Utah
  • MIT's 3DP technology
    • Major areas of focus
    • ProMetal
    • Z Corp.
    • Soligen
    • Specific Surface
    • Therics
    • Pfaltzgraff
    • MMCC
    • TDK
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • NSF funding
    • DoD funding
    • DoC funding
  • RP academic programs
    • RP educational activities
    • Basic research activities
    • Applied research activities
    • Future trends and contributions from academia

PART 7: CAD & COMPUTING

  • CAD/CAM/CAE
    • Advances in computing
    • Operating systems
    • User interface
    • Collaboration
    • Feature-based translation
    • Other interoperability issues
    • 2D legacy data
    • Growth of solid modeling
  • Software for RP and related applications
    • SolidView
    • Magics, Mimics, and Magics Communicator
    • View Expert and 3Data Expert
    • 3D View
    • Rapid Prototyping Module
    • Geomagic Studio
    • Paraform
    • Velocity2
    • Rhino
    • StlView
  • The Internet phenomenon
    • Bandwidth continues to explode
    • B2B e-commerce
    • Peer-to-peer computing architectures
    • Application service providers
    • Customer relationship management
    • Supply chain management
    • Content management

PART 8: OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

  • RP materials
    • Stereolithography resins
    • Materials for other RP processes
    • 3D printers
  • Medical modeling
    • Research areas in medical RP
    • RP is impacting the lives of patients
    • RP helps conjoined twins in Australia
  • Reverse engineering
    • The technology
    • 3D data collection
    • Data modeling (a.k.a. creating surfaces)
    • First article inspection
    • Note to the wise

PART 9: WHERE IT'S ALL HEADED

  • Bright future
    • Technology adoption life cycle
    • The chasm, bowling alley, and tornado
  • System manufacturers
    • Large company explodes onto the market
    • U.S. economy
    • Formula for success
  • Future developments
  • Divergent paths
    • 3D printing
    • Rapid manufacturing
  • What to expect
    • Last great barrier
    • New rules
  • Where to learn more
    • Internet mail list
    • GARPA
    • RPA/SME

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: RP system manufacturers
    • United States
    • Israel
    • Europe
    • Japan
    • China
    • Singapore
  • Appendix C: Rapid tooling technology developers
    • United States
    • Europe
  • Appendix D: RP software companies
  • Appendix E: Material suppliers
  • Appendix F: U.S. RP system specifications
  • Appendix G: RP systems manufactured outside the U.S.
  • Appendix H: Material properties
  • Appendix I: 3D data collection systems
  • Appendix J: Reverse engineering software