Wohlers Report

Wohlers Report 2016

3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing State of the Industry
Annual Worldwide Progress Report
ISBN 978-0-9913332-2-6

Order form, information, and contributors
Available Now. Order your report today!

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • About the principal authors

PART 1: INTRODUCTION

  • Focus of this report
  • Introduction to additive manufacturing and 3D printing
  • History of additive manufacturing
    • 1960s to the modern era
    • April 2015 through March 2016
  • Industries, applications, and regions
    • Industries
    • Applications
    • Installations by country
  • Growth of CAD Solid Modeling

PART 2: PROCESSES AND MATERIALS

  • Processes
    • Material extrusion
    • Material jetting
    • Binder jetting
    • Sheet lamination
    • Vat photopolymerization
    • Powder bed fusion
    • Directed energy deposition
  • Post-processing
    • General post-processing
    • Post-processing of metal AM parts
  • Materials
    • Polymers
    • Material pricing
    • Metals
    • Metal powders for AM
    • Composites and hybrid materials
    • Materials for metal casting processes
    • Ceramics and other materials
    • New materials
    • Materials testing and international standards
  • Process/material matrix

PART 3: SYSTEM AND MATERIAL PRODUCERS

  • Arcam
  • Aspect
  • Carima
  • Concept Laser
  • DWS
  • Envisiontec
  • EOS
  • ExOne
  • Farsoon
  • Lithoz
  • Mcor
  • Optomec
  • Prodways
  • ReaLizer
  • Renishaw
  • Sciaky
  • Sisma
  • SLM Solutions
  • Solidscape
  • Stratasys
  • Tiertime
  • Trumpf
  • 3D Systems
  • Voxeljet
  • Xery
  • Other companies in Asia
    • Bright Laser Technologies
    • CMET
    • D-MEC
    • EPlus 3D
    • Huake 3D
    • InssTek
    • Hengtong
    • Keyence
    • Long Yuan
    • Matsuura
    • Microjet
    • OPM Lab
    • Rokit
    • Roland
    • Sentrol
    • Structo
    • TPM
    • Union Technology
  • Other companies in Europe
    • Additive Industries
    • Arburg
    • BeAM
    • BigRep
    • Blueprinter
    • DMG Mori
    • DO3D
    • German RepRap
    • Indmatec
    • Nanoscribe
    • Rapid Shape
    • Sharebot
    • Sinterit
    • Sintratec
    • 3DCeram
  • Other companies in the Americas
    • Alkimat
    • Asiga
    • Autodesk
    • Fabrisonic
    • Formlabs
    • MarkForged
    • RPMI
    • 3D Platform
    • Titan Robotics
    • Viridis3D
    • Voxel8
  • Process/manufacturer/material matrix
  • New AM machine developments
    • HP
    • Carbon3D and Carima
    • BAAM and other large material extrusion technology
    • Metal AM systems
    • Large corporations and other developments
  • Third-party material producers
    • Open vs. closed material business models
    • List of third-party producers
  • Desktop 3D printers
    • RepRap project
    • Crowdfunding
    • 3D-printed electronics
    • Material recycling
    • Software development
    • 3D printers for children
    • Aleph Objects
    • Formlabs
    • MakerBot
    • Printrbot
    • Ultimaker
    • Xery
    • XYZprinting
    • Other 3D printers
    • Delta 3D printers
    • Comparing desktop 3D printers

PART 4: INDUSTRY GROWTH

  • Revenue from AM worldwide
    • Products and services
    • Growth percentages
  • Industrial system unit sales
    • Unit sales growth percentages
    • Market shares
    • Systems sold by region
    • Average selling price
    • Metal AM systems
    • Unit sales by manufacturer and year
  • Desktop 3D printer unit sales
    • A different "animal"
    • Desktop 3D printer ASP
  • AM material sales
    • Photopolymers
    • Laser-sintered polymers
    • Filaments
    • Metals
  • Service providers
    • Primary service market
    • Secondary service market
    • Survey results
    • Proprietary services
    • Online marketplaces
    • Supplier competition
  • Investment in publicly traded companies
    • Revenues and earnings
    • Outlook

PART 5: FINAL PART PRODUCTION

  • Advantages of AM for production
    • Reduction of tooling
    • Agile manufacturing operations
    • Decentralized manufacturing
    • Reduction in inventory and part consolidation
  • Challenges
    • Cost of machines and materials
    • Speed and throughput
    • Cost justification
    • Quality assurance
    • Traditional attitudes
  • Design for AM
    • Lightweight structures
    • Lattice structures
    • Improved fluid dynamics
  • Educating designers
    • Design guidelines
    • Education curricula and training
  • Legal implications
  • Cost-benefit analyses
    • Cost-effective use case
    • Non cost-effective use case
    • Quantity-dependent use case
  • Metal AM part production
    • Quality and performance improvements
    • Cost improvements
    • Delivery and lead time improvements
  • Metal part production cost considerations
  • Process monitoring in metal powder bed fusion
    • R&D projects
    • Arcam
    • Concept Laser
    • EOS
    • SLM Solutions
    • Sigma Labs
    • Outlook

PART 6: GLOBAL REPORTS

  • Africa
    • South Africa
    • Namibia
    • Other countries
  • Asia
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • Korea
    • Singapore
    • Taiwan
  • Australasia
    • Australia
    • New Zealand
  • Europe
    • Austria
    • Belgium
    • Denmark
    • Finland
    • France
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Netherlands
    • Norway
    • Poland
    • Portugal
    • Romania
    • Russia
    • Slovenia
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • United Kingdom
  • Middle East
    • Egypt
    • Israel
    • Turkey
    • Other countries
  • Other regions
    • Brazil
    • Canada

PART 7: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Trends
  • Patents
  • Corporate R&D
  • Consortia and collaborations
    • America Makes
    • Government Organization on Additive Manufacturing (GO Additive)
    • Additive Manufacturing Consortium
    • Direct Manufacturing Research Center
    • Project TEAMM
  • AM standards
    • ASTM International Committee F42
    • ISO/TC 261 on Additive Manufacturing
    • CEN/TC 438 on Additive Manufacturing
  • U.S. government-sponsored R&D
    • National Science Foundation
    • Basic research on AM technology
    • Meso, micro, and nanoscale technology
    • National Institutes of Health
    • Department of Defense
  • U.S. national laboratories
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
    • Sandia National Laboratories
  • Government-sponsored R&D in Europe
  • Academic activities and capabilities
    • AM educational activities
    • Research innovations
    • Academic institutions with AM capabilities
    • Research institutes with AM capabilities
    • Future trends and contributions

PART 8: THE FUTURE OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

  • AM ecosystem of the future
    • Commitment by OEMs
    • Airbus
    • New machines/materials from established corporations
    • Key investments
  • Market opportunity and forecast
    • Global manufacturing economy
    • 3D printing’s place in history
  • Summary
    • The hype hangover
    • After the hype
    • A bright future

APPENDICES

  • Appendix A: Glossary of terms
  • Appendix B: System and material suppliers
  • Appendix C: System specifications
  • Appendix D: Desktop 3D printers
  • Appendix E: Material properties
  • Appendix F: Metal AM comparison matrix
  • Appendix G: AM software tools
  • Appendix H: 3D scanning systems
  • Appendix I: 3D scan-processing software